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The Impact of Political Ideology and Government Structure on Information Technology Policy: A Comparison of Technologically Sophisticated Countries with Differing Types of Governments

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In order to explain and understand relations at an international level, scholars and policy makers view the world through various lenses: realism, liberalism, constructivism and their accompanying ?neos,? to name a few. The same is true at a subnational level, in which socialists, Maoists, liberals, conservatives and Greens (among others) all compete for influence on the policymaking agenda. Given these disparate and often competing points of view, this paper would like to apply these tensions to a specific policy arena and ask, ?How and how much does political ideology have an impact on the formulation of information technology policy at a national level??John Street ("Politics and Technology," 1992) analyzes three models to understanding the relationship between politics and technology: 1) autonomous technology, 2) technological determinism and 3) the political choice model of technology. His approach is to explain how the political process has an impact on the development of technology. This research will use his models but adapt the direction of the approach just a little. Instead, we will examine how political processes have an impact on the development of IT-related policy.In their book, ?Open Networks, Closed Regimes: The Impact of the Internet on Authoritarian Rule,? (2003) Kalathil and Boas paint a picture of what many would consider similar types of authoritarian governments and the very different ways that computer networking ? and the Internet in particular ? are being used by governments and citizens. Taking their research as a starting point, this paper will compare IT-related discussions and policies in four countries: Brazil, a socialist country that has been at the forefront of technological experimentation in politics; Estonia, a formerly communist country and an emerging democracy often held up as a leader in IT-development in that region; Singapore, an authoritarian country that prides itself on its networking and technological development; and the United States, a representative democracy which is recognized as a global leader in technology.Applying Street?s models to the comparative case studies, this paper will examine if and how various factions (political parties, government ministries and bureaucracies, intellectuals, interest groups, grass-roots movements) within a country ? given their stated platforms, mandates, goals, ideologies and/or visions ? have an impact on IT-related policy.

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technolog (130), govern (67), internet (62), polit (55), inform (40), polici (38), countri (35), access (33), new (33), onlin (31), use (27), develop (27), comput (25), secur (24), relat (23), act (22), one (22), program (21), law (20), estonia (19), would (18),
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Name: International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention
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MLA Citation:

Rogerson, Kenneth. "The Impact of Political Ideology and Government Structure on Information Technology Policy: A Comparison of Technologically Sophisticated Countries with Differing Types of Governments" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention, Hilton Chicago, CHICAGO, IL, USA, Feb 28, 2007 <Not Available>. 2016-06-06 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p180836_index.html>

APA Citation:

Rogerson, K. , 2007-02-28 "The Impact of Political Ideology and Government Structure on Information Technology Policy: A Comparison of Technologically Sophisticated Countries with Differing Types of Governments" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention, Hilton Chicago, CHICAGO, IL, USA Online <PDF>. 2016-06-06 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p180836_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: In order to explain and understand relations at an international level, scholars and policy makers view the world through various lenses: realism, liberalism, constructivism and their accompanying ?neos,? to name a few. The same is true at a subnational level, in which socialists, Maoists, liberals, conservatives and Greens (among others) all compete for influence on the policymaking agenda. Given these disparate and often competing points of view, this paper would like to apply these tensions to a specific policy arena and ask, ?How and how much does political ideology have an impact on the formulation of information technology policy at a national level??John Street ("Politics and Technology," 1992) analyzes three models to understanding the relationship between politics and technology: 1) autonomous technology, 2) technological determinism and 3) the political choice model of technology. His approach is to explain how the political process has an impact on the development of technology. This research will use his models but adapt the direction of the approach just a little. Instead, we will examine how political processes have an impact on the development of IT-related policy.In their book, ?Open Networks, Closed Regimes: The Impact of the Internet on Authoritarian Rule,? (2003) Kalathil and Boas paint a picture of what many would consider similar types of authoritarian governments and the very different ways that computer networking ? and the Internet in particular ? are being used by governments and citizens. Taking their research as a starting point, this paper will compare IT-related discussions and policies in four countries: Brazil, a socialist country that has been at the forefront of technological experimentation in politics; Estonia, a formerly communist country and an emerging democracy often held up as a leader in IT-development in that region; Singapore, an authoritarian country that prides itself on its networking and technological development; and the United States, a representative democracy which is recognized as a global leader in technology.Applying Street?s models to the comparative case studies, this paper will examine if and how various factions (political parties, government ministries and bureaucracies, intellectuals, interest groups, grass-roots movements) within a country ? given their stated platforms, mandates, goals, ideologies and/or visions ? have an impact on IT-related policy.


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