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Deciding to Provide: Local Decisions on Providing Social Welfare

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Abstract:

A fiscal federalism approach to understanding local policymaking predicts little to no role for local governments in social welfare policy: the incentives are to avoid redistributive programs because of their negative impact on the local tax base. Yet Census data indicate that the local role is greater than expected in such social policy arenas as housing, health and public welfare. I explain this outcome in terms of variation between communities in level of interjurisdictional competition and variations in political demand for redistributive programs. I argue that level of competition and demand make their impact on policy not only through the budgetary process, but also in local decisions on whether to begin a social welfare-oriented program and on whether to seek funding for social welfare from state and federal government. I test this model using data from the 1997 and 2002 Census of Governments and find support for the model.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

welfar (126), social (112), local (109), redistribut (94), govern (83), capac (76), model (65), communiti (63), citi (63), state (58), expenditur (57), fiscal (56), polit (51), 2002 (50), igr (49), 1 (49), intergovernment (48), polici (47), decis (46), 1997 (46), particip (45),

Author's Keywords:

Redistribution, local government
Convention
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Association:
Name: Midwest Political Science Association
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http://www.indiana.edu/~mpsa/


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p198642_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Craw, Michael. "Deciding to Provide: Local Decisions on Providing Social Welfare" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hotel, Chicago, IL, Apr 12, 2007 <Not Available>. 2013-12-16 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p198642_index.html>

APA Citation:

Craw, M. C. , 2007-04-12 "Deciding to Provide: Local Decisions on Providing Social Welfare" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association, Palmer House Hotel, Chicago, IL Online <PDF>. 2013-12-16 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p198642_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: A fiscal federalism approach to understanding local policymaking predicts little to no role for local governments in social welfare policy: the incentives are to avoid redistributive programs because of their negative impact on the local tax base. Yet Census data indicate that the local role is greater than expected in such social policy arenas as housing, health and public welfare. I explain this outcome in terms of variation between communities in level of interjurisdictional competition and variations in political demand for redistributive programs. I argue that level of competition and demand make their impact on policy not only through the budgetary process, but also in local decisions on whether to begin a social welfare-oriented program and on whether to seek funding for social welfare from state and federal government. I test this model using data from the 1997 and 2002 Census of Governments and find support for the model.

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Associated Document Available Political Research Online
Abstract Only All Academic Inc.
Associated Document Available Midwest Political Science Association

Document Type: PDF
Page count: 36
Word count: 8524
Text sample:
Deciding to Provide: Local Decisions on Providing Social Welfare1 Michael Craw James Madison College Michigan State University craw@msu.edu Abstract 1 Presented at the 2007 Annual Meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association Palmer House Hilton Chicago IL April 12-15 2007. I gratefully acknowledge the useful comments provided by Ken Bickers Yvette Alex-Assensoh Bob Huckfeldt Emery Lee Mike McGinnis Roger Parks Joe White and John Williams over the course of this project. Any errors and omissions remain the sole responsibility
Y 0 Spending IGR participation (p) 0 IGRs N Y Nature: observe IGR amount Set spending level (r) >0 Spending >0 Spending 0 IGRs >0 IGRs Figure 1 --- Levels of analysis for the local social welfare role


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