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The Democratic Lens: Human Rights Abuses and the American Response
Unformatted Document Text:  Kulkarni & Snideman exports with partner countries in millions of current-year US dollars. The data are grouped by pairs of countries and disaggregated by year, going back to 1948. US Troop Deployment: We believe that a US military presence within a country may have some influence on whether or not the House introduces or passes resolutions that are critical of a country’s human rights practices. The most complete data available on US overseas troop deployments comes from the Heritage Foundation, a Washington DC- based think tank. Published in 2004, the Heritage Foundation’s “Global US Troop Deployment” dataset is comprehensive time series data on US troop commitments by year and country from 1950 through 2003. 46 The data is disaggregated for each country by year, but it makes no distinction between troops deployed during peacetime (in a country like Germany, for example) and wartime (where troops would be deployed in Iraq). In many cases, it also is unable to make a distinction between troops stationed ashore and troops stationed afloat. We used troop deployment levels in each country for individual years from 1990-2002. Analysis This data was analyzed using Stata 8.2. 47 Because of the low frequency of House resolutions, we used a rare events model to ward against any bias that would have been introduced to the model by having a predominant set of states without resolutions against them. The rare events data was calculated using the program ReLogit. 48 Our initial findings support our hypothesis that institutional democracy has a negative effect upon 46 The dataset is available for download at http://www.heritage.org/research/nationalsecurity/troopsdb.cfm 47 S tataCorp 2005.TATA 48 Tomz, King & Zeng 2003.ReLOGIT 16

Authors: Kulkarni, Shyam. and Snideman, Samuel.
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Kulkarni & Snideman
exports with partner countries in millions of current-year US dollars. The data are
grouped by pairs of countries and disaggregated by year, going back to 1948.
US Troop Deployment: We believe that a US military presence within a country may
have some influence on whether or not the House introduces or passes resolutions that are
critical of a country’s human rights practices. The most complete data available on US
overseas troop deployments comes from the Heritage Foundation, a Washington DC-
based think tank. Published in 2004, the Heritage Foundation’s “Global US Troop
Deployment” dataset is comprehensive time series data on US troop commitments by
year and country from 1950 through 2003.
The data is disaggregated for each country
by year, but it makes no distinction between troops deployed during peacetime (in a
country like Germany, for example) and wartime (where troops would be deployed in
Iraq). In many cases, it also is unable to make a distinction between troops stationed
ashore and troops stationed afloat. We used troop deployment levels in each country for
individual years from 1990-2002.
Analysis
This data was analyzed using Stata 8.2.
Because of the low frequency of House
resolutions, we used a rare events model to ward against any bias that would have been
introduced to the model by having a predominant set of states without resolutions against
them. The rare events data was calculated using the program ReLogit.
Our initial
findings support our hypothesis that institutional democracy has a negative effect upon
46
The dataset is available for download at http://www.heritage.org/research/nationalsecurity/troopsdb.cfm
47
S
tataCorp 2005.TATA
48
Tomz, King & Zeng 2003.ReLOGIT
16


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