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Sequencing and Prediction of Adolescent Drug Initiation: Are Risk Factors Drug-specific, Adolescent Stage-specific, or Universal?

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Abstract:

Over the past 10 years, various adolescent substance abuse and prevention researchers have called for specific lines of empirical inquiry. One such call includes an increase in research on substance use among rural adolescents, including assessing the validity of the drug-sequencing hypothesis outlined in Kandel's Stage Theory for this sub-population. Other researchers have argued for determining if risk factors for various aspects of adolescent drug use, including initiation, are drug-specific or universal in kind and saliency. An emphasis also has been placed on the concept of developmental contextualism, with researchers promulgating the need to determine whether risk factors vary in kind or saliency according to different stages of adolescent development.

This presentation serves as a synopsis of proposed dissertation research designed to answer each of these respective calls and address gaps in the literature. Specifically, an empirical test of Kandel's drug sequencing hypothesis and a comprehensive quantitative examination of predictors of adolescent soft drug initiation is proposed. Of particular interest is determining whether risk factors are drug-specific, and if they differ in kind and saliency by stage of adolescent development. Data is derived from the 2004 Primary Prevention Awareness, Attitude, and Use Survey (PPAAUS), a tri-annual cross-sectional survey administered to 6th, 9th, and 12th grade students in a rural Pennsylvania school district. Discussion will center on the research questions, hypotheses, and associated statistical models proposed. A dual cross-validation scheme designed to assess the stability of quantitative findings also will be presented and discussed in terms of underlying rationale and methodology.
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Name: AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY
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MLA Citation:

Boyd, Rebecca. "Sequencing and Prediction of Adolescent Drug Initiation: Are Risk Factors Drug-specific, Adolescent Stage-specific, or Universal?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY, Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, Georgia, Nov 14, 2007 <Not Available>. 2013-12-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p200058_index.html>

APA Citation:

Boyd, R. J. , 2007-11-14 "Sequencing and Prediction of Adolescent Drug Initiation: Are Risk Factors Drug-specific, Adolescent Stage-specific, or Universal?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY, Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, Georgia <Not Available>. 2013-12-15 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p200058_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Over the past 10 years, various adolescent substance abuse and prevention researchers have called for specific lines of empirical inquiry. One such call includes an increase in research on substance use among rural adolescents, including assessing the validity of the drug-sequencing hypothesis outlined in Kandel's Stage Theory for this sub-population. Other researchers have argued for determining if risk factors for various aspects of adolescent drug use, including initiation, are drug-specific or universal in kind and saliency. An emphasis also has been placed on the concept of developmental contextualism, with researchers promulgating the need to determine whether risk factors vary in kind or saliency according to different stages of adolescent development.

This presentation serves as a synopsis of proposed dissertation research designed to answer each of these respective calls and address gaps in the literature. Specifically, an empirical test of Kandel's drug sequencing hypothesis and a comprehensive quantitative examination of predictors of adolescent soft drug initiation is proposed. Of particular interest is determining whether risk factors are drug-specific, and if they differ in kind and saliency by stage of adolescent development. Data is derived from the 2004 Primary Prevention Awareness, Attitude, and Use Survey (PPAAUS), a tri-annual cross-sectional survey administered to 6th, 9th, and 12th grade students in a rural Pennsylvania school district. Discussion will center on the research questions, hypotheses, and associated statistical models proposed. A dual cross-validation scheme designed to assess the stability of quantitative findings also will be presented and discussed in terms of underlying rationale and methodology.

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