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Collective Efficacy and Crime: The Relationship between Collective Efficacy, Violent Crime, Property Crime, and Drug Crime in a Southwestern City

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Abstract:

This paper contributes to the literature assessing the relationship between community structural characteristics, community dynamics and crime by replicating and extending the work of Sampson et al. (1997). For this replication we use data incorporating census data, community survey data and police calls for service data. In the community survey used in this data collection, collective efficacy was measured with questions identical to those used in the PHDCN. With this measure, these data allow a replication and extension of the ecological model originally tested by Sampson et al. (1997). Replication of this work is critical in light of evidence demonstrating that the relationship between community dynamics and crime varies from community to community (Elliott et al. 1996). The data upon which the current work is based were drawn from Mesa Arizona a community with demographic characteristics clearly distinct from Chicago IL. Results based on these data will inform the generalizability of Sampson et al.’s (1997) results. In addition to replication, we also extend Sampson et al.’s ecological model by testing the relationship between community structural characteristics, collective efficacy and drug sales and use as well as property crime and violence.
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Association:
Name: AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY
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http://www.asc41.com


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p200316_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Armstrong, Todd. "Collective Efficacy and Crime: The Relationship between Collective Efficacy, Violent Crime, Property Crime, and Drug Crime in a Southwestern City" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY, Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, Georgia, Nov 14, 2007 <Not Available>. 2013-12-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p200316_index.html>

APA Citation:

Armstrong, T. , 2007-11-14 "Collective Efficacy and Crime: The Relationship between Collective Efficacy, Violent Crime, Property Crime, and Drug Crime in a Southwestern City" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY, Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, Georgia <Not Available>. 2013-12-15 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p200316_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This paper contributes to the literature assessing the relationship between community structural characteristics, community dynamics and crime by replicating and extending the work of Sampson et al. (1997). For this replication we use data incorporating census data, community survey data and police calls for service data. In the community survey used in this data collection, collective efficacy was measured with questions identical to those used in the PHDCN. With this measure, these data allow a replication and extension of the ecological model originally tested by Sampson et al. (1997). Replication of this work is critical in light of evidence demonstrating that the relationship between community dynamics and crime varies from community to community (Elliott et al. 1996). The data upon which the current work is based were drawn from Mesa Arizona a community with demographic characteristics clearly distinct from Chicago IL. Results based on these data will inform the generalizability of Sampson et al.’s (1997) results. In addition to replication, we also extend Sampson et al.’s ecological model by testing the relationship between community structural characteristics, collective efficacy and drug sales and use as well as property crime and violence.

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