All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

What's Sex Gotta Do With It?: Studying and Measuring Gender in the Social Sciences.
Unformatted Document Text:  Gender is one of the most fundamental constructs in human existence (Williams, 1999). Gender has influenced every culture, at every level of social organization, throughout history. It is nearly impossible for any individual to navigate their way through any modern society without taking Gender into consideration. Most of us experience the pervasiveness of Gender throughout our lives. Even before we take our first breath we are proscribed a gender. In childhood, we are taught based on our biologically determined sex what appropriate and inappropriate behavior is. As adolescents we are pressured by peers and other social groups to conform to societal gender oriented roles, which are often highly inflexible. And finally, in adulthood, we are proscribed even more specific gender roles. These gender roles are again based, if not solely – virtually so, on biological sex. However, as will be discussed throughout this proposal, gender roles are heavily influenced not only by biology, but by psychology and culture as well. Gender not only influences our individual experiences, but our collective experiences as well. For example, in early foraging societies, Gender had relatively little impact on social interaction. As more advanced agrarian societies developed, Gender (usually in the form of biological sex) began to interact with the dominant modes of production. This interaction limited the ability of some members to participate in the public sphere. With the introduction of even more technological advancements (e.g., the industrial revolution), the influence of biological sex, culturally defined gender stereotypes, and socially proscribed gender roles further restricted our collective conception of Gender. This collective perception indicated what roles were and were not appropriate for each sex and, in may instances, in turn, increased inequitable treatment. 1

Authors: Cohen, Jeffrey.
first   previous   Page 1 of 7   next   last



background image
Gender is one of the most fundamental constructs in human existence (Williams,
1999). Gender has influenced every culture, at every level of social organization,
throughout history. It is nearly impossible for any individual to navigate their way
through any modern society without taking Gender into consideration. Most of us
experience the pervasiveness of Gender throughout our lives.
Even before we take our first breath we are proscribed a gender. In childhood, we
are taught based on our biologically determined sex what appropriate and inappropriate
behavior is. As adolescents we are pressured by peers and other social groups to conform
to societal gender oriented roles, which are often highly inflexible. And finally, in
adulthood, we are proscribed even more specific gender roles. These gender roles are
again based, if not solely – virtually so, on biological sex. However, as will be discussed
throughout this proposal, gender roles are heavily influenced not only by biology, but by
psychology and culture as well.
Gender not only influences our individual experiences, but our collective
experiences as well. For example, in early foraging societies, Gender had relatively little
impact on social interaction. As more advanced agrarian societies developed, Gender
(usually in the form of biological sex) began to interact with the dominant modes of
production. This interaction limited the ability of some members to participate in the
public sphere. With the introduction of even more technological advancements (e.g., the
industrial revolution), the influence of biological sex, culturally defined gender
stereotypes, and socially proscribed gender roles further restricted our collective
conception of Gender. This collective perception indicated what roles were and were not
appropriate for each sex and, in may instances, in turn, increased inequitable treatment.
1


Convention
Submission, Review, and Scheduling! All Academic Convention can help with all of your abstract management needs and many more. Contact us today for a quote!
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 1 of 7   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.