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Gentrification and Crime: A Study of Social Cost in Chicago

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Abstract:

The research examines how dynamics of race, class, and gender intersect with the gentrification process in the greater Humboldt Park community of Chicago. Specifically, to what extent do law enforcement agencies facilitate the gentrification process in Humboldt Park? Research indicates that as communities experience gentrification, new and more affluent residents utilize their cultural capital to mobilize community resources to construct brighter street lights, renovate walkways, insist on street cleaning services such as garbage removal, and call on law enforcement agencies to take action against crime (Freeman & Braconi, 2004; Schill & Nathan, 1983). Consequently, new and more affluent residents prioritize community concerns and criminalize community residents (Skogan et al., November 2000).

The research employs both quantitative and qualitative methods of analysis. The research began by collecting U.S. Census tract data for the Humboldt Park community to illustrate the gentrification process. Secondly, the research compared Major Index I crimes before and after the gentrification of Humboldt Park. The research gathered police arrest data from the Chicago Police Department and Uniform Crime Report. The research analyzed changing crime rates in the Humboldt Park community to determine if policing strategies parallel the gentrification process. Finally, the research conducted several opened ended interviews to explore the impact of gentrification and crime on the lives of community residents, particularly youth, residing in the Humboldt Park community. By examining the social costs, the research challenges the notion that gentrification is not only a solution to the housing crisis, but also a solution to crime.
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Name: AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY
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MLA Citation:

Perez, Xavier. "Gentrification and Crime: A Study of Social Cost in Chicago" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY, Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, Georgia, Nov 14, 2007 <Not Available>. 2013-12-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p201502_index.html>

APA Citation:

Perez, X. F. , 2007-11-14 "Gentrification and Crime: A Study of Social Cost in Chicago" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY, Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, Georgia <Not Available>. 2013-12-15 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p201502_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The research examines how dynamics of race, class, and gender intersect with the gentrification process in the greater Humboldt Park community of Chicago. Specifically, to what extent do law enforcement agencies facilitate the gentrification process in Humboldt Park? Research indicates that as communities experience gentrification, new and more affluent residents utilize their cultural capital to mobilize community resources to construct brighter street lights, renovate walkways, insist on street cleaning services such as garbage removal, and call on law enforcement agencies to take action against crime (Freeman & Braconi, 2004; Schill & Nathan, 1983). Consequently, new and more affluent residents prioritize community concerns and criminalize community residents (Skogan et al., November 2000).

The research employs both quantitative and qualitative methods of analysis. The research began by collecting U.S. Census tract data for the Humboldt Park community to illustrate the gentrification process. Secondly, the research compared Major Index I crimes before and after the gentrification of Humboldt Park. The research gathered police arrest data from the Chicago Police Department and Uniform Crime Report. The research analyzed changing crime rates in the Humboldt Park community to determine if policing strategies parallel the gentrification process. Finally, the research conducted several opened ended interviews to explore the impact of gentrification and crime on the lives of community residents, particularly youth, residing in the Humboldt Park community. By examining the social costs, the research challenges the notion that gentrification is not only a solution to the housing crisis, but also a solution to crime.

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Similar Titles:
Exploratory Study on Social Contagion of Crime: Results from Chicago homicide data from 1998 to 2001

The Gentrification of Humboldt Park: A Study of Crime in the Puerto Rican Community of Chicago

Gentrification, Crime, and Youth: A Study of Changing Lives in the City of Chicago


 
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