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Sexual-Minority Identity Versus Sexual-Minority Romantic Attraction: Differences in Juvenile Delinquency and Substance Abuse

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Abstract:

Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health (Add Health), we propose to extend upon current literature on the relationship between juvenile delinquency, substance abuse, and sexual orientation. While current literature shows that substance abuse is more likely among sexual-minority youth (homosexual, bisexual, etc) (Rosario, Hunter, and Gwadz, 1997; Udry and Chantala, 2002), this literature is limited in that it usually defines sexual orientation by a simple identity measure, i.e. “Please choose the description that best fits how you think about yourself.” Our research will distinguish between three groups: (1) a heterosexual identity and exclusive heterosexual attraction; (2) a sexual-minority identity and sexual-minority attraction; and (3) a heterosexual identity but sexual-minority attraction. We propose there may be differences in delinquency and substance abuse between youth whose sexual orientation identity and attraction match, and those who claim to be heterosexual, but report sexual-minority attraction. Perhaps youth who identify as heterosexual only, but report same-sex attraction have higher levels of delinquency or substance abuse because they are unable to accept a stigmatized sexual-minority identity. Alternatively, such youth may have lower levels of delinquency and substance abuse as they see same-sex romantic attraction as inconsequential to their sexual-identity and therefore, feel no stigma.

We will perform two analyses: simple linear regression to examine the relationship between delinquency and the three sexual orientation groups; and logistic regression to find the likelihood of substance abuse for each group. We will control for depression as this may mediate the impact of orientation on delinquency and substance abuse. Other controls include parental support, religion, age, sex, race, and mother’s education and income.

This research is important because studies on sexual minority youth are limited and generally focus on sexual orientation identity measures and ignore disparities that may exist between identity and attraction. Moreover, this research will expand upon our understanding of juvenile delinquency and substance abuse in general.

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sexual (15), ident (10), substanc (9), attract (9), minor (9), abus (9), delinqu (8), sexual-minor (8), orient (6), heterosexu (5), youth (5), may (4), group (3), research (3), literatur (3), juvenil (3), differ (3), sex (3), report (2), upon (2), propos (2),
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Association:
Name: AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY
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http://www.asc41.com


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p201706_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Brown, Jennifer. and du Toit, Nola. "Sexual-Minority Identity Versus Sexual-Minority Romantic Attraction: Differences in Juvenile Delinquency and Substance Abuse" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY, Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, Georgia, Nov 13, 2007 <Not Available>. 2013-12-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p201706_index.html>

APA Citation:

Brown, J. A. and du Toit, N. , 2007-11-13 "Sexual-Minority Identity Versus Sexual-Minority Romantic Attraction: Differences in Juvenile Delinquency and Substance Abuse" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CRIMINOLOGY, Atlanta Marriott Marquis, Atlanta, Georgia Online <PDF>. 2013-12-15 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p201706_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Using the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health (Add Health), we propose to extend upon current literature on the relationship between juvenile delinquency, substance abuse, and sexual orientation. While current literature shows that substance abuse is more likely among sexual-minority youth (homosexual, bisexual, etc) (Rosario, Hunter, and Gwadz, 1997; Udry and Chantala, 2002), this literature is limited in that it usually defines sexual orientation by a simple identity measure, i.e. “Please choose the description that best fits how you think about yourself.” Our research will distinguish between three groups: (1) a heterosexual identity and exclusive heterosexual attraction; (2) a sexual-minority identity and sexual-minority attraction; and (3) a heterosexual identity but sexual-minority attraction. We propose there may be differences in delinquency and substance abuse between youth whose sexual orientation identity and attraction match, and those who claim to be heterosexual, but report sexual-minority attraction. Perhaps youth who identify as heterosexual only, but report same-sex attraction have higher levels of delinquency or substance abuse because they are unable to accept a stigmatized sexual-minority identity. Alternatively, such youth may have lower levels of delinquency and substance abuse as they see same-sex romantic attraction as inconsequential to their sexual-identity and therefore, feel no stigma.

We will perform two analyses: simple linear regression to examine the relationship between delinquency and the three sexual orientation groups; and logistic regression to find the likelihood of substance abuse for each group. We will control for depression as this may mediate the impact of orientation on delinquency and substance abuse. Other controls include parental support, religion, age, sex, race, and mother’s education and income.

This research is important because studies on sexual minority youth are limited and generally focus on sexual orientation identity measures and ignore disparities that may exist between identity and attraction. Moreover, this research will expand upon our understanding of juvenile delinquency and substance abuse in general.

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Similar Titles:
The Sexual Identity of Delinquent Youth: A Comparison of Self-Identified Straight, Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Delinquents

Barriers to Mixed Methods Research: Non-heterosexual Behavior, Attraction, and Identity in Survey Research and Beyond

Sexual Orientation and Substance Abuse: An Examination of the Causes and Consequences of Substance Abuse by Sexual Minorities


 
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