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Are Fair Traders Actually Protectionists? The Economic and Political Bases of Support for Fair Trade Products in the European Union

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Abstract:

The embedded liberalism thesis argues that governments can build support for free trade by compensating economically those hurt by trade, usually with welfare or education policies. This strategy depends, though, on opposition to trade being driven by economic factors, such as job or income loss because of increased competition. The current fair trade movement raises many non-economic criticisms of trade such as concerns about the environment and labor standards. Many scholars dismiss these concerns as traditional protectionism in disguise. This article argues, instead, that for many these concerns are sincere and that this presents a growing challenge to the compromise of embedded liberalism. The article demonstrates this by examining survey data in the European Union and showing that those who support fair trade tend to have characteristics that are opposite those who support economic protection.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

trade (255), fair (180), support (141), free (65), countri (64), labor (47), standard (46), econom (43), protect (41), environment (38), polici (38), factor (37), protectionist (34), sincer (34), protection (33), concern (32), respond (31), product (30), also (28), like (27), thus (26),

Author's Keywords:

Trade, International Political Economy, European Union, Globalization
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Name: American Political Science Association
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http://www.apsanet.org


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p209633_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Ehrlich, Sean. "Are Fair Traders Actually Protectionists? The Economic and Political Bases of Support for Fair Trade Products in the European Union" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Hyatt Regency Chicago and the Sheraton Chicago Hotel and Towers, Chicago, IL, Aug 30, 2007 <Not Available>. 2013-12-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p209633_index.html>

APA Citation:

Ehrlich, S. D. , 2007-08-30 "Are Fair Traders Actually Protectionists? The Economic and Political Bases of Support for Fair Trade Products in the European Union" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Hyatt Regency Chicago and the Sheraton Chicago Hotel and Towers, Chicago, IL Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2013-12-15 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p209633_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The embedded liberalism thesis argues that governments can build support for free trade by compensating economically those hurt by trade, usually with welfare or education policies. This strategy depends, though, on opposition to trade being driven by economic factors, such as job or income loss because of increased competition. The current fair trade movement raises many non-economic criticisms of trade such as concerns about the environment and labor standards. Many scholars dismiss these concerns as traditional protectionism in disguise. This article argues, instead, that for many these concerns are sincere and that this presents a growing challenge to the compromise of embedded liberalism. The article demonstrates this by examining survey data in the European Union and showing that those who support fair trade tend to have characteristics that are opposite those who support economic protection.

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Document Type: application/pdf
Page count: 35
Word count: 8318
Text sample:
Are Fair Traders Actually Protectionist? The Economic and Political Bases of Support for Fair Trade in the European Union1 Sean D. Ehrlich Assistant Professor Department of Political Science Florida State University 559 Bellamy Hall Tallahassee FL 32309 sehrlich@fsu.edu Abstract: The embedded liberalism thesis argues that governments can build support for free trade by compensating economically those hurt by trade usually with welfare or education policies. This strategy depends though on opposition to trade being driven by economic factors such
Support for Fair Trade Correlation Significance Observations GDP 0.659 0.001 15 GDP per capita 0.437 0.103 15 Uemployment -0.346 0.207 15 Imports -0.118 0.676 15 Exports -0.067 0.811 15 Balance of trade 0.244 0.382 15 Union density 0.428 0.189 11 Pluralism -0.629 0.012 15 Wage bargaining 0.622 0.018 14 Environment 0.712 0.004 14 35


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Trading Freely and Fairly: Distinguishing Sincere versus Protectionist "Fair Trade" Countries


 
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