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Organizational Factors and the Choice of Terrorism: Minorities at Risk Organizational Behavior in the Middle East

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Abstract: What factors make it more likely that an organization will turn to the targeting of civilians as a political strategy? This paper draws from a new data base created through a collaboration between the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism at the University of Maryland (START Center, see http://www.start.umd.edu ) and the Minorities at Risk (MAR) Project (http://www.cidcm.umd.edu/mar/) to build a database that puts the decision to use and continue to use terrorism as a tactic within a useful empirical comparable context. This project collected yearly organizational level data for all organizations in the Middle East that claimed to represent a MAR group which survived for at least three years during the period from 1980 to 2004. In this paper we argue that the targeting of civilians by non-state organizations will be more or less likely depending upon the ideological motivations of the organization, the capability of the organization and the behavior of the government.

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Name: American Political Science Association
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MLA Citation:

Asal, Victor. "Organizational Factors and the Choice of Terrorism: Minorities at Risk Organizational Behavior in the Middle East" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Hyatt Regency Chicago and the Sheraton Chicago Hotel and Towers, Chicago, IL, Aug 30, 2007 <Not Available>. 2013-12-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p210326_index.html>

APA Citation:

Asal, V. , 2007-08-30 "Organizational Factors and the Choice of Terrorism: Minorities at Risk Organizational Behavior in the Middle East" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Hyatt Regency Chicago and the Sheraton Chicago Hotel and Towers, Chicago, IL Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2013-12-15 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p210326_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: Abstract: What factors make it more likely that an organization will turn to the targeting of civilians as a political strategy? This paper draws from a new data base created through a collaboration between the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism at the University of Maryland (START Center, see http://www.start.umd.edu ) and the Minorities at Risk (MAR) Project (http://www.cidcm.umd.edu/mar/) to build a database that puts the decision to use and continue to use terrorism as a tactic within a useful empirical comparable context. This project collected yearly organizational level data for all organizations in the Middle East that claimed to represent a MAR group which survived for at least three years during the period from 1980 to 2004. In this paper we argue that the targeting of civilians by non-state organizations will be more or less likely depending upon the ideological motivations of the organization, the capability of the organization and the behavior of the government.

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Associated Document Available American Political Science Association
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Document Type: application/pdf
Page count: 34
Word count: 8430
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Organizational Factors and the Choice of Terrorism: Minorities at Risk Organizational Behavior in the Middle East1 Victor Asal Rockefeller College University at Albany SUNY Email: vasal@ email.albany.edu *Draft – Comments Very Welcome* Paper prepared for the American Political Science Association Convention 2007 Chicago IL Abstract: What factors make it more likely that an organization will turn to the targeting of civilians as a political strategy? This paper draws from a new data base created through a collaboration between the
Paul. 2000. Terrorism Versus Democracy; The Liberal State Response. Vol. 9. London: Frank Cass. ———. 2001. Terrorism versus Democracy. London: Frank Cass. Windsor Jennifer L. 2003. "Promoting Democratization Can Combat Terrorism." The Washington Quarterly 26 (3):43-58. Zimmermann Ekkart. 1987. "POLITICAL VIOLENCE AND OTHER STRATEGIES OF OPPOSITION MOVEMENTS: A Look at Some Recent Evidence." In Journal of International Affairs: Journal of International Affairs. Zorn Christopher J. W. 2001. " "Generalized Estimating Equation Models for Correlated Data: A Review with Applications."


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