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Constitutional Religion Clauses and State Religion Policy: Are the Two Correlated?

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Abstract:

This study examines whether states follow the constitution clauses on their religion in 149 states. Specifically it measures the presence of (1) separation of religion and state clauses (2) clauses banning religious discrimination or protecting religious freedom and (3) clauses banning discrimination on the basis of religion or protecting equality regardless of religion. The presence of these clauses is tested against the extent to which states engage in religious discrimination and religious legislation based on variables from the Religion and State (RAS) dataset. The results show a limited impact of constitutional clauses on government behavior. Religious freedom clauses are associated with lower levels of religious discrimination in the bivariate analysis but this result does not hold up in the multi-variate analysis and most states with such clauses engage in at least some religious discrimination. States with constitutional separation of religion and state clauses engage in less religious legislation but the vast majority of them engage in at least some religious legislation. This result is consistent in both the bivariate and multi-variate analyses. Clauses banning discrimination on the basis of religion or protecting equality regardless of religion have no impact on religious discrimination.

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religi (177), state (176), religion (138), claus (130), constitut (125), 100.0 (91), freedom (77), discrimin (74), f (50), law (46), studi (42), variabl (40), separ (37), signific (37), legisl (37), major (36), valu (36), test (35), democraci (35), includ (30), type (28),

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religion, constitution, discrimination, separation of religion and state
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Name: American Political Science Association
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MLA Citation:

Fox, Jonathan. "Constitutional Religion Clauses and State Religion Policy: Are the Two Correlated?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Hyatt Regency Chicago and the Sheraton Chicago Hotel and Towers, Chicago, IL, Aug 30, 2007 <Not Available>. 2013-12-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p210527_index.html>

APA Citation:

Fox, J. , 2007-08-30 "Constitutional Religion Clauses and State Religion Policy: Are the Two Correlated?" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Political Science Association, Hyatt Regency Chicago and the Sheraton Chicago Hotel and Towers, Chicago, IL Online <PDF>. 2013-12-15 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p210527_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This study examines whether states follow the constitution clauses on their religion in 149 states. Specifically it measures the presence of (1) separation of religion and state clauses (2) clauses banning religious discrimination or protecting religious freedom and (3) clauses banning discrimination on the basis of religion or protecting equality regardless of religion. The presence of these clauses is tested against the extent to which states engage in religious discrimination and religious legislation based on variables from the Religion and State (RAS) dataset. The results show a limited impact of constitutional clauses on government behavior. Religious freedom clauses are associated with lower levels of religious discrimination in the bivariate analysis but this result does not hold up in the multi-variate analysis and most states with such clauses engage in at least some religious discrimination. States with constitutional separation of religion and state clauses engage in less religious legislation but the vast majority of them engage in at least some religious legislation. This result is consistent in both the bivariate and multi-variate analyses. Clauses banning discrimination on the basis of religion or protecting equality regardless of religion have no impact on religious discrimination.

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Document Type: PDF
Page count: 20
Word count: 8398
Text sample:
Constitutional Religion Clauses and State Religion Policy: Are the Two Correlated? Jonathan Fox Department of Political Studies Bar Ilan University And Deborah Flores Abstract: This study examines whether states follow the constitution clauses on their religion in 149 states. Specifically it measures the presence of (1) separation of religion and state clauses (2) clauses banning religious discrimination or protecting religious freedom and (3) clauses banning discrimination on the basis of religion or protecting equality regardless of religion. The presence
(1 - Herfindahl Index) -.123 .710 -.188 .009 Log-Per-Capita GDP .234 .000 -.063 .328 Democracy (Polity Index) -.174 .056 .252 .001 Regime Stability .174 .371 -.045 .499 Log-Population -.032 .001 .144 .009 df 148 148 Adjusted-R-Squared .452 .631 Means were substituted for missing data 20


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