Citation

Picture Perfect News: Sound Bites and Image Bites in American, British, French and German Elections in a Time Perspective

Abstract | Word Stems | Keywords | Association | Citation | Similar Titles




STOP!

You can now view the document associated with this citation by clicking on the "View Document as HTML" link below.

View Document as HTML:
Click here to view the document

Abstract:

This study offers the first systematic analysis of sound bites and image bites across countries and across time. Sound bites are defined as film segments within a news story that show someone speak without interruption. The study goes beyond traditional sound bites research by also examining each statement?s content, context of use in the campaign and context of use in the story. Image bites are defined as film segments within a news story in which someone is shown but not heard. They have been largely neglected in previous research despite the fact that visual depictions convey important political cues about a candidate?s fitness for office. Image bites were also coded for their content and context. Based on the results (which were gathered with an identical instrument, equivalent samples and coordinated coding in four countries) this study comes to five generalizing conclusions: (1.) that the factors that are in particular responsible for decreasing sound bite lengths are commercial influences and public relations influences; (2.) that the presence of candidates in the news is twice as high as sound bite research has hitherto accounted for in the literature ? if one includes the neglected unit of image bites; (3.) that the use of ever shorter sound bites is not a specifically American experience; (4.) that the use of image bites shows no indication of a cynical reporting style; and (5.) that in Europe the reporting styles of public and private broadcasters are increasingly converging, and are becoming more similar to trends observed in the United States.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

news (152), candid (123), bite (116), journalist (93), sound (81), cultur (71), polit (66), stori (64), elect (59), media (57), campaign (54), imag (48), 2007 (44), report (43), sec (40), public (37), nation (34), differ (34), channel (33), state (32), u.s (31),

Author's Keywords:

sound bites, image bites, campaign coverage, comparative research, visuals, content analysis
Convention
Need a solution for abstract management? All Academic can help! Contact us today to find out how our system can help your annual meeting.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

Association:
Name: International Communication Association
URL:
http://www.icahdq.org


Citation:
URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p233050_index.html
Direct Link:
HTML Code:

MLA Citation:

Esser, Frank. and Spanier, Bernd. "Picture Perfect News: Sound Bites and Image Bites in American, British, French and German Elections in a Time Perspective" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, Montreal, Quebec, Canada, May 21, 2008 <Not Available>. 2017-09-25 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p233050_index.html>

APA Citation:

Esser, F. and Spanier, B. , 2008-05-21 "Picture Perfect News: Sound Bites and Image Bites in American, British, French and German Elections in a Time Perspective" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Communication Association, TBA, Montreal, Quebec, Canada Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2017-09-25 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p233050_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: This study offers the first systematic analysis of sound bites and image bites across countries and across time. Sound bites are defined as film segments within a news story that show someone speak without interruption. The study goes beyond traditional sound bites research by also examining each statement?s content, context of use in the campaign and context of use in the story. Image bites are defined as film segments within a news story in which someone is shown but not heard. They have been largely neglected in previous research despite the fact that visual depictions convey important political cues about a candidate?s fitness for office. Image bites were also coded for their content and context. Based on the results (which were gathered with an identical instrument, equivalent samples and coordinated coding in four countries) this study comes to five generalizing conclusions: (1.) that the factors that are in particular responsible for decreasing sound bite lengths are commercial influences and public relations influences; (2.) that the presence of candidates in the news is twice as high as sound bite research has hitherto accounted for in the literature ? if one includes the neglected unit of image bites; (3.) that the use of ever shorter sound bites is not a specifically American experience; (4.) that the use of image bites shows no indication of a cynical reporting style; and (5.) that in Europe the reporting styles of public and private broadcasters are increasingly converging, and are becoming more similar to trends observed in the United States.


Similar Titles:
PoliticiansÂ’ News Management Style and JournalistsÂ’ Response: Determinants of Political News Cultures in Britain, Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Mexico, Spain, and the United States

Good News and Bad News: The Differential Effects of Media Consumption on National and State-Level Political Trust

Journalistic Reporting Styles in Elections: Comparing Election Campaign Coverage in TV News Across Countries Using QCA


 
All Academic, Inc. is your premier source for research and conference management. Visit our website, www.allacademic.com, to see how we can help you today.