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Precision Conservation Using Multiple Cellulosic Feedstocks

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Abstract:

Ethanol production in South Dakota is currently based on corn grain using a dry or wet milling process. However in the near future (3-5 years) cellulosic processes based on enzymatic processing of pretreated biomass will begin to enter the biofuel markets and co-exist with production of ethanol from corn grain. Initially corn stover will be the feedstock of choice but this will soon begin to include other feedstocks such as perennial grasses. Guidelines for stover/straw removal, annual – perennial biomass rotations, fertilization and other agronomic practices need to be developed that are site specific. Precision conservation applies conservation practices to optimize protection of natural resources, sustain soil productivity, and protect ecological goods and services within the landscape. The production of multiple cellulosic feedstocks using precision conservation practices will be evaluated on cooperating producer fields in MLRAs 102A , 102B/C, 55B, and 55C of Eastern South Dakota. Measurements will include biomass and grain production, biomass removed, biomass energy potential, residue cover, soil quality, carbon balance, erosion and sediment loss potential, leaching potential, and nutrient distribution within the landscape. Comparisons will be made of contrasting management practices to include variation in biomass removal, and landscape specific location of biomass crops including prairie cordgrass (Spartina pectinata), switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), and corn (Zea mays). The evaluations will be used to develop site specific technical guidelines, fact sheets, and technical specifications for use by NRCS and the SD Extension service. A description of this recently funded project and information about first year establishment will be presented.

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project (17), cig (7), includ (6), educ (6), state (5), produc (5), site (5), extens (5), use (4), locat (4), meet (4), plant (4), coordin (4), data (4), plan (4), support (4), involv (4), select (4), anticip (3), conserv (3), result (3),
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Association:
Name: SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION SOCIETY
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http://www.swcs.org


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p237437_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Schumacher, Tom., Skiles, Paul., Clay, David., Boe, Arvid., Owens, Vance., Carlson, C.., Malo, Douglas., Trooien, Todd. and Warman, Gerald. "Precision Conservation Using Multiple Cellulosic Feedstocks" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION SOCIETY, TBA, Tucson, Arizona, Jul 26, 2008 <Not Available>. 2013-12-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p237437_index.html>

APA Citation:

Schumacher, T. E., Skiles, P. , Clay, D. , Boe, A. , Owens, V. , Carlson, C. G., Malo, D. D., Trooien, T. and Warman, G. , 2008-07-26 "Precision Conservation Using Multiple Cellulosic Feedstocks" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION SOCIETY, TBA, Tucson, Arizona Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2013-12-14 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p237437_index.html

Publication Type: Poster Presentation
Abstract: Ethanol production in South Dakota is currently based on corn grain using a dry or wet milling process. However in the near future (3-5 years) cellulosic processes based on enzymatic processing of pretreated biomass will begin to enter the biofuel markets and co-exist with production of ethanol from corn grain. Initially corn stover will be the feedstock of choice but this will soon begin to include other feedstocks such as perennial grasses. Guidelines for stover/straw removal, annual – perennial biomass rotations, fertilization and other agronomic practices need to be developed that are site specific. Precision conservation applies conservation practices to optimize protection of natural resources, sustain soil productivity, and protect ecological goods and services within the landscape. The production of multiple cellulosic feedstocks using precision conservation practices will be evaluated on cooperating producer fields in MLRAs 102A , 102B/C, 55B, and 55C of Eastern South Dakota. Measurements will include biomass and grain production, biomass removed, biomass energy potential, residue cover, soil quality, carbon balance, erosion and sediment loss potential, leaching potential, and nutrient distribution within the landscape. Comparisons will be made of contrasting management practices to include variation in biomass removal, and landscape specific location of biomass crops including prairie cordgrass (Spartina pectinata), switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), and corn (Zea mays). The evaluations will be used to develop site specific technical guidelines, fact sheets, and technical specifications for use by NRCS and the SD Extension service. A description of this recently funded project and information about first year establishment will be presented.

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Document Type: application/pdf
Page count: 2
Word count: 477
Text sample:
Conservation Innovation Grants (CIG) CIG Project Update Information Agreement Number: nrcs69-3A75-7-117 Grantee Name: South Dakota State University Project Title: Precision conservation using multiple cellulosic feedstocks Project Director: Tom E. Schumacher Contact Information: Address: 247D SNP Box 2140C Plant Science Dept. South Dakota State University Brookings SD 57007 Phone: 605 688-4762 E-mail: thomas.schumacher@sdstate.edu Period Covered by Report: Sept 24 2007 Project End Date: Sept. 24 2010 State(s): South Dakota National Component CIG: Yes/No - Yes State Component CIG: Yes/No -
industry and NRCS input generated ideas to improve the success of project establishment. These details involved treatment layout timing of data collection data collection infrastructure and coordination of efforts. This discussion and improvement of planning would not have taken place without direct interaction between all involved in the project planning meeting. Describe the work that you anticipate completing prior to July 2008: We anticipate that we will have the advisory board of interested producers selected by early spring. All


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