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Xterisation,Classification and Agricultural potentials of Soils formed from basement complex rock of South Western Nigeria

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Abstract:

Characterization, Classification and Agricultural
Potentials of Soils formed from Basement Complex Rock
Of South Western Nigeria.
BY
AKINDELE PIUS AND ARULEBA, J.O,



Abstract
A detailed soil survey of about 100ha of Ikere LGA of Ekiti State, Nigeria was carried out to characterize and classify the soils and assess the agricultural suitability potential of the area. The result revealed 5 major soil units of Alfisols order and Ustalf sub order. The soils are characterized by deep to very deep profiles. Soil textures consist of sandy loam surface and sandy clay loam to loam in the subsurface. The soils are moderately acidic in reaction and have low amount of organic carbon. The effective cation exchange capacities are low but the percentage base saturation were high ranging from 2.24- 4.92 cmol/kg and 63.42 –94.01 % respectively. The soils classify as Psammemtic Haplustalfs/Haplic Lixisols/Egbeda. Grossarenic kandiustalfs/ umbric fluvisols/ Makun, Arenic kandiustalfs /Haplic Arenosols /Egbeda. Typic haplustalfs/ Luvic Arenosols /Iwo Ultic haplustalfs /Haplic Arenosols /Iwo following USDA Soil Taxonomy (Soil Survey Staff, 2003) /FAO/UNESCO Soil map legend and Smith and Montgomery (1962) respectively.
The suitability classification of the soils was found to be marginally (S3) to moderately suitable (S2) for the food crops commonly grown in the area. The major limitations of the soils are mainly low soil fertility status, presence high level of coarse fragment and the sandy nature of the soil. The techniques for soil management for sustainable production were also discussed.
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Association:
Name: SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION SOCIETY
URL:
http://www.swcs.org


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p237462_index.html
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MLA Citation:

ADENIYI, PIUS. "Xterisation,Classification and Agricultural potentials of Soils formed from basement complex rock of South Western Nigeria" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION SOCIETY, TBA, Tucson, Arizona, Jul 26, 2008 <Not Available>. 2013-12-14 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p237462_index.html>

APA Citation:

ADENIYI, P. A. , 2008-07-26 "Xterisation,Classification and Agricultural potentials of Soils formed from basement complex rock of South Western Nigeria" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION SOCIETY, TBA, Tucson, Arizona <Not Available>. 2013-12-14 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p237462_index.html

Publication Type: Oral Presentation
Abstract: Characterization, Classification and Agricultural
Potentials of Soils formed from Basement Complex Rock
Of South Western Nigeria.
BY
AKINDELE PIUS AND ARULEBA, J.O,



Abstract
A detailed soil survey of about 100ha of Ikere LGA of Ekiti State, Nigeria was carried out to characterize and classify the soils and assess the agricultural suitability potential of the area. The result revealed 5 major soil units of Alfisols order and Ustalf sub order. The soils are characterized by deep to very deep profiles. Soil textures consist of sandy loam surface and sandy clay loam to loam in the subsurface. The soils are moderately acidic in reaction and have low amount of organic carbon. The effective cation exchange capacities are low but the percentage base saturation were high ranging from 2.24- 4.92 cmol/kg and 63.42 –94.01 % respectively. The soils classify as Psammemtic Haplustalfs/Haplic Lixisols/Egbeda. Grossarenic kandiustalfs/ umbric fluvisols/ Makun, Arenic kandiustalfs /Haplic Arenosols /Egbeda. Typic haplustalfs/ Luvic Arenosols /Iwo Ultic haplustalfs /Haplic Arenosols /Iwo following USDA Soil Taxonomy (Soil Survey Staff, 2003) /FAO/UNESCO Soil map legend and Smith and Montgomery (1962) respectively.
The suitability classification of the soils was found to be marginally (S3) to moderately suitable (S2) for the food crops commonly grown in the area. The major limitations of the soils are mainly low soil fertility status, presence high level of coarse fragment and the sandy nature of the soil. The techniques for soil management for sustainable production were also discussed.

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