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Mobile assisted language learning, attention, and listening tasks: an empirical study
Unformatted Document Text:  l ability to recognize the target structure immediately after exposure (intake = short-term memory) l overall input comprehension after exposure l TYPES of input exposure or task condition l Whole-class listening task (CALL, teacher-controlled) l Whole-class listening task (MALL, learner-controlled) l Hypotheses • H.#1: Learners exposed to learner-controlled input tasks will demonstrate a higher level of bottom-up comprehension• H. #2: Learner-controlled input tasks will demonstrate a higher level of top-down comprehension• H. #3: Learners exposed to learner-controlled input tasks will demonstrate a higher level of awareness of target forms The study (II) l TASKS: focus on form listening tasks (Ellis, 2003) l PARTICIPANTS: l 14 students of Spanish in a Intermediate (4th semester) Spanish class assigned to two different groups: l CALL task l MALL task l Methodology (quasi-experimental) • Treatment - posttest H. #1 and #2• Think-aloud protocols (to demonstrate awareness) H. #3 The audio tasks: item example 1 ˜ ¿Oye, los llevaste ya al apartamento? [Hey, did you take them (masc) already to the apartment?] ™ No, todavía no. [No, not yet] ˜ Ah, pues llévaselos porque los están esperando [Then take them (masc) because they are waiting for them (masc)] 1. ¿Qué tiene que llevar al apartamento? a. unos medicamentosb. un documentoc. unas medicinas The audio tasks: item example 2 ˜ ¿Por qué no se la has dado todavía? [Why didn’t you give it (fem) to him/her yet?] ™ No, si ya fui a dársela antes pero es que no había nadie en casa [No, I went to give it (fem) to him/her before, but nobody was at home] ˜ Prueba más tarde, pues. [Try later then] 1. ¿Qué tiene que darle? a. una notab. un libroc. unas píldoras The audio tasks: item example 3 ˜ Mamá, ¿cuándo me la vas a comprar? [Mom, when are you going to buy it (fem) for me?] ™ Ya te he dicho que no voy a comprártela hasta que termine el semestre [I already told you that I’ll not buy it (fem) for you until the end of the semester]

Authors: De La Fuente, Maria.
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l
ability to recognize the target structure immediately after exposure (intake = short-term memory)
l
overall input comprehension after exposure
l
TYPES of input exposure or task condition
l
Whole-class listening task (CALL, teacher-controlled)
l
Whole-class listening task (MALL, learner-controlled)
l
Hypotheses
• H.#1: Learners exposed to learner-controlled input tasks will demonstrate a higher level of bottom-up comprehension
• H. #2: Learner-controlled input tasks will demonstrate a higher level of top-down comprehension
• H. #3: Learners exposed to learner-controlled input tasks will demonstrate a higher level of awareness of target forms
The study (II)
l
TASKS: focus on form listening tasks (Ellis, 2003)
l
PARTICIPANTS:
l
14 students of Spanish in a Intermediate (4th semester) Spanish class assigned to two different groups:
l
CALL task
l
MALL task
l
Methodology (quasi-experimental)
• Treatment - posttest H. #1 and #2
• Think-aloud protocols (to demonstrate awareness) H. #3 
The audio tasks: item example 1
˜
 ¿Oye, los llevaste ya al apartamento?
      [Hey, did you take them (masc) already to the apartment?]
™   No, todavía no.
      [No, not yet]
˜
 Ah, pues llévaselos porque los están esperando
     [Then take them (masc) because they are waiting for them (masc)]
1.
¿Qué tiene que llevar al apartamento?
a. unos medicamentos
b. un documento
c. unas medicinas
The audio tasks: item example 2
˜
 ¿Por qué no se la has dado todavía?
      [Why didn’t you give it (fem) to him/her yet?]
™   No, si ya fui a dársela antes pero es que no había nadie en casa
      [No, I went to give it (fem) to him/her before, but nobody was at home]
˜
 Prueba más tarde, pues.
     [Try later then]
1.
¿Qué tiene que darle?
a. una nota
b. un libro
c. unas píldoras
The audio tasks: item example 3
˜
 Mamá, ¿cuándo me la vas a comprar?
      [Mom, when are you going to buy it (fem) for me?]
™   Ya te he dicho que no voy a comprártela hasta que termine el semestre
      [I already told you that I’ll not buy it (fem) for you until the end of the semester]


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