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Falling From Grace? The Psychological Impact of Downward Intragenerational Mobility
Unformatted Document Text:  24 representing downward mobility from the service class (DMOB1) and petty bourgeoisie (DMOB2). The item weights (q, 1-q) estimate the similarity of mobile individuals to stayers in their destination versus origin class. Weights are bounded between 0 and 1 and provide direct measures of acculturation. For example, if analyses revealed q = .8 (and 1-q therefore = .2), we could conclude that individuals most resemble those in their destination (q), rather than their origin (1-q) status. Similarly if we found that q = .5, we would conclude that origin and destination status appear to have relatively equal weight on individual outcomes. I estimate Sobel‟s diagonal mobility models (1981; 1985) using the DREF subcommand of the GNM package in R developed by Turner and Firth (2007). DREF is the only prewritten package to estimate diagonal mobility models, and has accurately replicated published studies that have utilized diagonal mobility models (i.e. Clifford and Heath 1993; Van der Slik, De Graaf, and Gerris 2002). RESULTS Before reporting the results for the diagonal mobility models, I present the logged mean CES-D scores and the Self-Acceptance scale by origin and destination status in Tables 2 and 3, respectively. The shaded boxes in the table show the mean scores for stayers in their respective class statuses, which serve as the basis of comparison for mobile individuals. [Table 2 About Here] [Table 3 About Here]

Authors: Houle, Jason.
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24 
representing downward mobility from the service class (DMOB1) and petty bourgeoisie 
(DMOB2).  
 
The item weights (q, 1-q) estimate the similarity of mobile individuals to stayers in their 
destination versus origin class. Weights are bounded between 0 and 1 and provide direct 
measures of acculturation. For example, if analyses revealed q = .8 (and 1-q therefore = .2), we 
could conclude that individuals most resemble those in their destination (q), rather than their 
origin (1-q) status. Similarly if we found that q = .5, we would conclude that origin and 
destination status appear to have relatively equal weight on individual outcomes.  
I estimate Sobel‟s diagonal mobility models (1981; 1985) using the DREF subcommand 
of the GNM package in R developed by Turner and Firth (2007). DREF is the only prewritten 
package to estimate diagonal mobility models, and has accurately replicated published studies 
that have utilized diagonal mobility models (i.e. Clifford and Heath 1993; Van der Slik, De 
Graaf, and Gerris 2002).  
 
RESULTS 
 
Before reporting the results for the diagonal mobility models, I present the logged mean 
CES-D scores and the Self-Acceptance scale by origin and destination status in Tables 2 and 3, 
respectively. The shaded boxes in the table show the mean scores for stayers in their respective 
class statuses, which serve as the basis of comparison for mobile individuals.  
 
[Table 2 About Here] 
 
[Table 3 About Here] 
 
 


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