Citation

Rational Choice of Career Aspirations under Structural Constraints: Comparison of Career Aspirations in East Asia

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Abstract:

We study the effect of institutions in the labor market on workers’ choice of survival strategies in it. We assume that workers try to maximize their utilities under the constraints of institutions. The constraints function at two levels: Societal level and individual level. The economic structure, for example, is a constraint at the societal level. Meanwhile, the location of a worker in the labor market is a constraint at the individual level.
We focus on career aspirations for the future as a proxy for survival strategies. Thus we use career aspirations as the dependent variable in our model. Independent variables are variables that reflect workers’ location in the labor market such as age, gender, employment status, firm size, and industry. Then we compare the difference in the effect of independent variables on the dependent variable between Japan, Korea, and Taiwan in order to see the different effects of local institutions. Results of our data analysis show that the Japanese do not necessarily choose to work under the long-term employment system, while Taiwanese do not necessarily choose to be self-employed.

Most Common Document Word Stems:

worker (70), employ (46), choos (43), career (42), would (42), aspir (41), system (35), labor (33), market (33), special (29), independ (28), job (28), compani (27), lte (22), rather (21), long (20), firm (20), japan (20), japanes (19), societi (18), regular (18),

Author's Keywords:

career aspiration, labor market, local institutions
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Association:
Name: American Sociological Association Annual Meeting
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http://www.asanet.org


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p239515_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Sato, Yoshimichi. "Rational Choice of Career Aspirations under Structural Constraints: Comparison of Career Aspirations in East Asia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Sheraton Boston and the Boston Marriott Copley Place, Boston, MA, Jul 31, 2008 <Not Available>. 2014-12-01 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p239515_index.html>

APA Citation:

Sato, Y. , 2008-07-31 "Rational Choice of Career Aspirations under Structural Constraints: Comparison of Career Aspirations in East Asia" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, Sheraton Boston and the Boston Marriott Copley Place, Boston, MA Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2014-12-01 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p239515_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: We study the effect of institutions in the labor market on workers’ choice of survival strategies in it. We assume that workers try to maximize their utilities under the constraints of institutions. The constraints function at two levels: Societal level and individual level. The economic structure, for example, is a constraint at the societal level. Meanwhile, the location of a worker in the labor market is a constraint at the individual level.
We focus on career aspirations for the future as a proxy for survival strategies. Thus we use career aspirations as the dependent variable in our model. Independent variables are variables that reflect workers’ location in the labor market such as age, gender, employment status, firm size, and industry. Then we compare the difference in the effect of independent variables on the dependent variable between Japan, Korea, and Taiwan in order to see the different effects of local institutions. Results of our data analysis show that the Japanese do not necessarily choose to work under the long-term employment system, while Taiwanese do not necessarily choose to be self-employed.


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