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Being All They Can Be? U.S. Military Experience and the Earnings of Young Adult Immigrants
Unformatted Document Text:  Catherine N. Barry 15 Table 2 Linear Regression Results for Immigrants Aged 22-27 a Logged Total Income 1980 Regression 1 b Regression 2 Veteran .201 .236 (.034)** (.061)** Female -.405 -.405 (.015)** (.015)** Age (22 omitted) .039 .039 (.004)** (.004)** Full Employment 2.11 2.11 (.013)** (.015)** Military Employment .076 .077 (.050) (.055) Highest Grade Completed (12 th grade omitted) .049 .049 (.004)** (.004)** Married .040 .040 (.015)** (.015)** Race/Ethnicity (White omitted) Hispanic .052 .056 (.018)** (.019)** African American -.139 -.129 (.028)** (.028)** Asian/Pacific Islander .092 .093 (.020)** (.021)** Native-American -.025 -.022 (.147) (.154) Unknown – non-Hispanic -.300 -.309 (.068)** (.069)** Arrived (Before 1960 omitted) 1960-64 .065 .065 (.028)* (.028)* 1965-69 -.018 -.018 (.028) (.028) 1970-74 -.166 -.166 (.028)** (.028)** 1975-80 -.628 -.628 (.027)** (.027)** Citizen .101 .101 (.019)** (.019)** Interaction Race x Veteran: (White Veteran, non-Hispanic omitted) Hispanic Veteran -.077 (.081) African American Veteran -.190 (.123) Asian/Pacific Islander Veteran .009 (.091) Native American Veteran -.038 (.509) Unknown, non-Hispanic .318 (.377) Veteran-era (1975-1980 omitted) Vietnam -.002 (.028) Constant 5.43 5.43 (.118)** (.118)** Number of Observations: 50,251 50,251 Adjusted R 2 : .354 .354 a:Data: 1980 U.S. 5% PUMS Census; b: coefficients listed and standard errors are found in () parenthesis * Indicates significance at the p<.05 level; ** at the p<.01 level

Authors: Barry, Catherine.
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background image
 
 
Catherine N. Barry 
 
15 
 
Table 2  
Linear Regression Results for Immigrants Aged 22-27
a
 
Logged Total Income 1980 
 
 
 
Regression 1
b
     
Regression 2 
 
Veteran  
 
 
 
 
 
.201 
 
 
.236 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(.034)**   
 
(.061)**   
 
Female   
 
 
 
 
 
-.405 
 
 
-.405 
 
 
 
(.015)**   
 
(.015)**   
 
 
Age (22 omitted)  
 
 
 
 
.039 
 
 
.039 
 
 
(.004)**   
 
(.004)**   
 
Full Employment  
 
 
 
 
2.11 
 
 
2.11 
 
 
(.013)**   
 
(.015)**   
 
Military Employment 
 
 
 
 
.076 
 
 
.077 
 
 
(.050)   
 
(.055)   
 
Highest Grade Completed (12
th
 grade omitted) 
 
.049 
 
 
.049 
 
 
(.004)**   
 
(.004)**   
 
Married   
 
 
 
 
 
.040 
 
 
.040 
 
 
(.015)**   
 
(.015)**   
 
 
Race/Ethnicity (White omitted) 
Hispanic 
 
 
 
 
.052 
 
 
.056 
 
 
(.018)**   
 
(.019)**   
 
African American 
 
 
 
-.139 
 
 
-.129 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(.028)**   
 
(.028)**   
 
Asian/Pacific Islander 
 
 
 
.092 
 
 
.093 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(.020)**   
 
(.021)**   
 
Native-American  
 
 
 
-.025 
 
 
-.022 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(.147)   
 
(.154)   
 
Unknown 
 non-Hispanic  
 
 
-.300 
 
 
-.309 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(.068)**   
 
(.069)**   
 
Arrived (Before 1960 omitted) 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1960-64  
 
 
 
 
.065 
 
 
.065 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(.028)*   
 
(.028)*   
 
 
1965-69  
 
 
 
 
-.018 
 
 
-.018 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(.028)   
 
(.028)   
 
 
 
1970-74  
 
 
 
 
-.166 
 
 
-.166 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(.028)**   
 
(.028)**   
 
 
1975-80  
 
 
 
 
-.628 
 
 
-.628 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(.027)**   
 
(.027)**   
 
Citizen   
 
 
 
 
 
.101 
 
 
.101 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(.019)**   
 
(.019)**   
 
Interaction Race x Veteran: (White Veteran, non-Hispanic omitted) 
Hispanic Veteran 
 
 
 
 
 
 
-.077 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(.081)   
 
African American Veteran 
 
 
 
 
 
-.190 
 
 
 
(.123)   
 
Asian/Pacific Islander Veteran 
 
 
 
 
 
.009 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(.091)   
 
Native American Veteran  
 
 
 
 
 
-.038 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(.509)   
 
Unknown, non-Hispanic   
 
 
 
 
 
.318 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(.377) 
Veteran-era (1975-1980 omitted)   
 
Vietnam  
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
-.002 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(.028)   
 
Constant 
 
 
 
 
 
5.43 
 
 
5.43 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(.118)**   
 
(.118)**   
 
Number of Observations:  
 
 
 
50,251   
 
50,251   
Adjusted R
2
 
 
 
 
 
.354 
 
 
.354 
a:Data: 1980 U.S. 5% PUMS Census;  b: coefficients listed and standard errors are found in () parenthesis 
* Indicates significance at the p<.05 level; ** at the p<.01 level  


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