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Old Wine in a New Bottle: When Egyptian Anti-Imperialism Becomes Anti-Americanism and Vice-Versa

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Abstract:

While affirming that it is difficult to draw one general picture of the heterogeneous Arab communities, this paper will analyze the discourses of a variety of Egyptian intellectuals and leaders of the anti-war movement in Egypt in the post –September 11th period. I will explore the limitations of sociological theories that reduce anti-Americanism in the context of the war on terror to “hatred or critiques against the hegemony of U.S. culture and lifestyle” or the clash of civilizations thesis. My argument is two fold. First, I will argue that anti-Americanism in Egypt is as diverse as the variety of political factions and groupings in Egypt and is constantly shifting based on each faction or groups’ relationship to the state (or state power). Second, I will argue that each form of anti-Americanism in Egypt is constituted by multiple and intersecting discourses and ideologies. In other words, reductionist frameworks such as those that seek to explain religious movements solely through a religious studies framework cannot explain the complexity of the Muslim Brotherhood, a group that is inspired by faith in addition to competition over political power vis-à-vis the Egyptian state. Through an exploration of the discourses and movements of 1) Islamists; 2) Nasserist-pan Arab nationalist; and 3) Marxist intellectuals and activists in Egypt, I will argue that theoretical frameworks that transgress a singular framework of analysis (such as “religion” or “economics”) and instead, highlight the intersections of culture, religion, nationalism, and imperialism are required in order to capture the complexities and nuances of anti-Americanism movements and the overlap between anti-Americanism and anti-imperialism in Egypt, particularly in the aftermath of September 11th.
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Name: American Studies Association Annual Meeting
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http://www.theasa.net


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p244759_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Said, Atef. "Old Wine in a New Bottle: When Egyptian Anti-Imperialism Becomes Anti-Americanism and Vice-Versa" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Studies Association Annual Meeting, Hyatt Regency, Albuquerque, New Mexico, Oct 16, 2008 <Not Available>. 2014-11-30 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p244759_index.html>

APA Citation:

Said, A. S. , 2008-10-16 "Old Wine in a New Bottle: When Egyptian Anti-Imperialism Becomes Anti-Americanism and Vice-Versa" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Studies Association Annual Meeting, Hyatt Regency, Albuquerque, New Mexico <Not Available>. 2014-11-30 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p244759_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: While affirming that it is difficult to draw one general picture of the heterogeneous Arab communities, this paper will analyze the discourses of a variety of Egyptian intellectuals and leaders of the anti-war movement in Egypt in the post –September 11th period. I will explore the limitations of sociological theories that reduce anti-Americanism in the context of the war on terror to “hatred or critiques against the hegemony of U.S. culture and lifestyle” or the clash of civilizations thesis. My argument is two fold. First, I will argue that anti-Americanism in Egypt is as diverse as the variety of political factions and groupings in Egypt and is constantly shifting based on each faction or groups’ relationship to the state (or state power). Second, I will argue that each form of anti-Americanism in Egypt is constituted by multiple and intersecting discourses and ideologies. In other words, reductionist frameworks such as those that seek to explain religious movements solely through a religious studies framework cannot explain the complexity of the Muslim Brotherhood, a group that is inspired by faith in addition to competition over political power vis-à-vis the Egyptian state. Through an exploration of the discourses and movements of 1) Islamists; 2) Nasserist-pan Arab nationalist; and 3) Marxist intellectuals and activists in Egypt, I will argue that theoretical frameworks that transgress a singular framework of analysis (such as “religion” or “economics”) and instead, highlight the intersections of culture, religion, nationalism, and imperialism are required in order to capture the complexities and nuances of anti-Americanism movements and the overlap between anti-Americanism and anti-imperialism in Egypt, particularly in the aftermath of September 11th.


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