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Teaching American Political Institutions Using Role-playing Simulations
Unformatted Document Text:  34 Second Alternative: S. 1557 To amend the Public Health Service Act to provide for a program at the National Institutes of Health to conduct and support research in the derivation and use of human pluripotent stem cells by means that do not harm human embryos, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the `Respect for Life Pluripotent Stem Cell Act of 2005'. SEC. 2. DERIVATION OF STEM CELLS WITHOUT HARMING EMBRYOS; RESEARCH THROUGH NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH. Part B of title IV of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 284) is amended by adding at the end the following: `SEC. 409J. BASIC AND APPLIED RESEARCH ON DERIVATION AND USE OF PLURIPOTENT STEM CELLS WITHOUT HARMING EMBRYOS. `(a) Definitions- In this section, the following definitions apply: `(1) HUMAN EMBRYO- The term `human embryo' includes any organism, not protected as a human subject under 45 CFR 46 as of the date of the enactment of the Respect for Life Pluripotent Stem Cell Act of 2005, that is derived by fertilization, parthenogenesis, cloning, or any other means from one or more human gametes or human diploid cells. `(2) PLURIPOTENT STEM CELL- The term `pluripotent stem cell' means a cell that can in principle be differentiated to produce all or almost all the cell types of the human body, and therefore has the same functional capacity as an embryonic stem cell, regardless of whether it has the same origin. `(b) In General- With respect to producing stem cell lines for important biomedical research, the Director of NIH shall, through the appropriate national research institutes, provide for the conduct and support of basic and applied research in isolating, deriving and using pluripotent stem cells without creating or harming human embryos. Such research may include-- `(1) research in animals to develop and test techniques for deriving cells from embryos without doing harm to those embryos; `(2) research to develop and test techniques for producing human pluripotent stem cells without creating or making use of embryos; and `(3) research to isolate, develop, and test pluripotent stem cells from postnatal tissues, umbilical cord blood, and placenta. `(c) Prohibitions Regarding Harm to Human Embryos- Research under subsection (b) may not include any research that-- `(1) involves the use of human embryos; `(2) involves the use of stem cells not otherwise eligible for funding by the National Institutes of Health; `(3) involves the use of any stem cell to create or to attempt to create a human embryo; or `(4) poses a significant risk of creating a human embryo by any means. `(d) Authorization of Appropriations- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized to be appropriated $15,000,000 in fiscal year 2006, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the fiscal years 2007 through 2010. Such authorization is in addition to other authorizations of appropriations that are available for such purpose.'.

Authors: Gonzales, Angelo.
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34
Second Alternative:
S. 1557
To amend the Public Health Service Act to provide for a program at the National Institutes of Health to
conduct and support research in the derivation and use of human pluripotent stem cells by means that do not
harm human embryos, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress
assembled,

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.
This Act may be cited as the `Respect for Life Pluripotent Stem Cell Act of 2005'.

SEC. 2. DERIVATION OF STEM CELLS WITHOUT HARMING EMBRYOS; RESEARCH THROUGH
NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH.
Part B of title IV of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 284) is amended by adding at the end
the following:

`SEC. 409J. BASIC AND APPLIED RESEARCH ON DERIVATION AND USE OF PLURIPOTENT STEM
CELLS WITHOUT HARMING EMBRYOS.
`(a) Definitions- In this section, the following definitions apply:
`(1) HUMAN EMBRYO- The term `human embryo' includes any organism, not protected as
a human subject under 45 CFR 46 as of the date of the enactment of the Respect for Life
Pluripotent Stem Cell Act of 2005, that is derived by fertilization, parthenogenesis, cloning,
or any other means from one or more human gametes or human diploid cells.
`(2) PLURIPOTENT STEM CELL- The term `pluripotent stem cell' means a cell that can in
principle be differentiated to produce all or almost all the cell types of the human body, and
therefore has the same functional capacity as an embryonic stem cell, regardless of whether it
has the same origin.
`(b) In General- With respect to producing stem cell lines for important biomedical research, the
Director of NIH shall, through the appropriate national research institutes, provide for the conduct and
support of basic and applied research in isolating, deriving and using pluripotent stem cells without
creating or harming human embryos. Such research may include--
`(1) research in animals to develop and test techniques for deriving cells from embryos
without doing harm to those embryos;
`(2) research to develop and test techniques for producing human pluripotent stem cells
without creating or making use of embryos; and
`(3) research to isolate, develop, and test pluripotent stem cells from postnatal tissues,
umbilical cord blood, and placenta.
`(c) Prohibitions Regarding Harm to Human Embryos- Research under subsection (b) may not include
any research that--
`(1) involves the use of human embryos;
`(2) involves the use of stem cells not otherwise eligible for funding by the National Institutes
of Health;
`(3) involves the use of any stem cell to create or to attempt to create a human embryo; or
`(4) poses a significant risk of creating a human embryo by any means.
`(d) Authorization of Appropriations- For the purpose of carrying out this section, there are authorized
to be appropriated $15,000,000 in fiscal year 2006, and such sums as may be necessary for each of the
fiscal years 2007 through 2010. Such authorization is in addition to other authorizations of
appropriations that are available for such purpose.'.


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