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Teaching American Political Institutions Using Role-playing Simulations
Unformatted Document Text:  48 S. Amdt. 9001 19 (to S. 6700) Mr. LEVIN (for himself, Mr. REED, Mrs. FEINSTEIN, Mr. SALAZAR, Mrs. CLINTON, Mr. BIDEN, Mr. OBAMA, Mr. ROCKEFELLER, and Mr. DODD) introduced the following amendment. To state the sense of Congress on United States policy on Iraq. Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the following text: SEC. 1. UNITED STATES POLICY ON IRAQ. (a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``United States Policy on Iraq Act of 2006''. (b) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings: (1) Global terrorist networks, including those that attacked the United States on September 11, 2001, continue to threaten the national security of the United States and are recruiting, planning, and developing capabilities to attack the United States and its allies throughout the world. (2) Winning the fight against terrorist networks requires an integrated, comprehensive effort that uses all facets of power of the United States and the members of the international community who value democracy, freedom, and the rule of law. (3) The United States Armed Forces, particularly the Army and Marine Corps, are stretched thin, and many soldiers and Marines have experienced three or more deployments to combat zones. (4) Sectarian violence has surpassed the insurgency and terrorism as the main security threat in Iraq, increasing the prospects of a broader civil war which could draw in Iraq's neighbors. (5) United States and coalition forces have trained and equipped more than 116,000 Iraqi soldiers, sailors, and airmen, and more than 148,000 Iraqi police, highway patrol, and other Ministry of Interior forces. (6) Of the 102 operational Iraqi Army combat battalions, 69 are either in the lead or operating independently, according to the May 2006 report of the Administration to Congress entitled ``Measuring Stability and Security in Iraq''; (7) Congress expressed its sense in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (119 Stat. 3466) that ``calendar year 2006 should be a period of significant transition to full Iraqi sovereignty, with Iraqi security forces taking the lead for the security of a free and sovereign Iraq, thereby creating the conditions for the phased redeployment of United States forces from Iraq''. (8) Iraq's security forces are heavily infiltrated by sectarian militia, which has greatly increased sectarian tensions and impeded the development of effective security services loyal to the Iraq Government. (9) With the approval by the Iraqi Council of Representatives of the ministers of defense, national security, and the interior on June 7, 2006, the entire cabinet of Prime Minister Maliki is now in place. 19 Note: I have given this amendment a fake number for purposes of this simulation. The actual text was offered as an amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act. The original amendment number was S. Amdt. 4320, and the final vote on this amendment was Senate Vote# 182, June 22, 2006. See the general instructions for information about how to search for bill text, a record of the debate surrounding the measure, and vote tallies.

Authors: Gonzales, Angelo.
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48
S. Amdt. 9001
19
(to S. 6700)
Mr. LEVIN (for himself, Mr. REED, Mrs. FEINSTEIN, Mr. SALAZAR, Mrs. CLINTON, Mr. BIDEN, Mr.
OBAMA, Mr. ROCKEFELLER, and Mr. DODD) introduced the following amendment.

To state the sense of Congress on United States policy on Iraq.
Strike all after the enacting clause and insert the following text:
SEC. 1. UNITED STATES POLICY ON IRAQ.
(a) Short Title.--This section may be cited as the ``United States Policy on Iraq Act of 2006''.
(b) Findings.--Congress makes the following findings:
(1) Global terrorist networks, including those that attacked the United States on September 11, 2001, continue to
threaten the national security of the United States and are recruiting, planning, and developing capabilities to attack
the United States and its allies throughout the world.
(2) Winning the fight against terrorist networks requires an integrated, comprehensive effort that uses all facets of
power of the United States and the members of the international community who value democracy, freedom, and the
rule of law.
(3) The United States Armed Forces, particularly the Army and Marine Corps, are stretched thin, and many
soldiers and Marines have experienced three or more deployments to combat zones.
(4) Sectarian violence has surpassed the insurgency and terrorism as the main security threat in Iraq, increasing
the prospects of a broader civil war which could draw in Iraq's neighbors.
(5) United States and coalition forces have trained and equipped more than 116,000 Iraqi soldiers, sailors, and
airmen, and more than 148,000 Iraqi police, highway patrol, and other Ministry of Interior forces.
(6) Of the 102 operational Iraqi Army combat battalions, 69 are either in the lead or operating independently,
according to the May 2006 report of the Administration to Congress entitled ``Measuring Stability and Security in
Iraq'';
(7) Congress expressed its sense in the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (119 Stat. 3466)
that ``calendar year 2006 should be a period of significant transition to full Iraqi sovereignty, with Iraqi security
forces taking the lead for the security of a free and sovereign Iraq, thereby creating the conditions for the phased
redeployment of United States forces from Iraq''.
(8) Iraq's security forces are heavily infiltrated by sectarian militia, which has greatly increased sectarian tensions
and impeded the development of effective security services loyal to the Iraq Government.
(9) With the approval by the Iraqi Council of Representatives of the ministers of defense, national security, and
the interior on June 7, 2006, the entire cabinet of Prime Minister Maliki is now in place.
19
Note: I have given this amendment a fake number for purposes of this simulation. The actual text was offered as
an amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act. The original amendment number was S. Amdt. 4320, and
the final vote on this amendment was Senate Vote# 182, June 22, 2006. See the general instructions for information
about how to search for bill text, a record of the debate surrounding the measure, and vote tallies.


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