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Teaching American Political Institutions Using Role-playing Simulations
Unformatted Document Text:  49 (10) Pursuant to the Iraq Constitution, the Council of Representatives is to appoint a Panel which will have 4 months to recommend changes to the Iraq Constitution. (11) Despite pledges of more than $8,000,000,000 in assistance for Iraq by foreign governments other than the United States at the Madrid International Donors' Conference in October 2003, only $3,500,000,000 of such assistance has been forthcoming. (12) The current open-ended commitment of United States forces in Iraq is unsustainable and a deterrent to the Iraqis making the political compromises and personnel and resource commitments that are needed for the stability and security of Iraq. (c) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that in order to change course from an open-ended commitment and to promote the assumption of security responsibilities by the Iraqis, thus advancing the chances for success in Iraq-- (1) the following actions need to be taken to help achieve the broad-based and sustainable political settlement so essential for defeating the insurgency and preventing all-out civil war-- (A) there must be a fair sharing of political power and economic resources among all the Iraqi groups so as to invest them in the formation of an Iraqi nation by either amendments to the Iraq Constitution or by legislation or other means, within the timeframe provided for in the Iraq Constitution; (B) the President should convene an international conference so as to more actively involve the international community and Iraq's neighbors, promote a durable political settlement among Iraqis, reduce regional interference in Iraq's internal affairs, encourage more countries to contribute to Iraq's extensive needs, and ensure that pledged funds are forthcoming; (C) the Iraq Government should promptly and decisively disarm the militias and remove those members of the Iraqi security forces whose loyalty to the Iraq Government is in doubt; and (D) the President should-- (i) expedite the transition of United States forces in Iraq to a limited presence and mission of training Iraqi security forces, providing logistic support of Iraqi security forces, protecting United States infrastructure and personnel, and participating in targeted counterterrorism activities; (ii) after consultation with the Government of Iraq, begin the phased redeployment of United States forces from Iraq this year; and (iii) submit to Congress a plan by the end of 2006 with estimated dates for the continued phased redeployment of United States forces from Iraq, with the understanding that unexpected contingencies may arise; (2) during and after the phased redeployment of United States forces from Iraq, the United States will need to sustain a nonmilitary effort to actively support reconstruction, governance, and a durable political solution in Iraq; and (3) the President should carefully assess the impact that ongoing United States military operations in Iraq are having on the capability of the United States Government to conduct an effective counterterrorism campaign to defeat the broader global terrorist networks that threaten the United States.

Authors: Gonzales, Angelo.
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49
(10) Pursuant to the Iraq Constitution, the Council of Representatives is to appoint a Panel which will have 4
months to recommend changes to the Iraq Constitution.
(11) Despite pledges of more than $8,000,000,000 in assistance for Iraq by foreign governments other than the
United States at the Madrid International Donors' Conference in October 2003, only $3,500,000,000 of such
assistance has been forthcoming.
(12) The current open-ended commitment of United States forces in Iraq is unsustainable and a deterrent to the
Iraqis making the political compromises and personnel and resource commitments that are needed for the stability
and security of Iraq.
(c) Sense of Congress.--It is the sense of Congress that in order to change course from an open-ended commitment
and to promote the assumption of security responsibilities by the Iraqis, thus advancing the chances for success in
Iraq--
(1) the following actions need to be taken to help achieve the broad-based and sustainable political settlement so
essential for defeating the insurgency and preventing all-out civil war--
(A) there must be a fair sharing of political power and economic resources among all the Iraqi groups so as to
invest them in the formation of an Iraqi nation by either amendments to the Iraq Constitution or by legislation or
other means, within the timeframe provided for in the Iraq Constitution;
(B) the President should convene an international conference so as to more actively involve the international
community and Iraq's neighbors, promote a durable political settlement among Iraqis, reduce regional interference in
Iraq's internal affairs, encourage more countries to contribute to Iraq's extensive needs, and ensure that pledged
funds are forthcoming;
(C) the Iraq Government should promptly and decisively disarm the militias and remove those members of the
Iraqi security forces whose loyalty to the Iraq Government is in doubt; and
(D) the President should--
(i) expedite the transition of United States forces in Iraq to a limited presence and mission of training Iraqi
security forces, providing logistic support of Iraqi security forces, protecting United States infrastructure and
personnel, and participating in targeted counterterrorism activities;
(ii) after consultation with the Government of Iraq, begin the phased redeployment of United States forces from
Iraq this year; and
(iii) submit to Congress a plan by the end of 2006 with estimated dates for the continued phased redeployment of
United States forces from Iraq, with the understanding that unexpected contingencies may arise;
(2) during and after the phased redeployment of United States forces from Iraq, the United States will need to
sustain a nonmilitary effort to actively support reconstruction, governance, and a durable political solution in Iraq;
and
(3) the President should carefully assess the impact that ongoing United States military operations in Iraq are
having on the capability of the United States Government to conduct an effective counterterrorism campaign to
defeat the broader global terrorist networks that threaten the United States.


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