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American Government Across Time, Space, and Location
Unformatted Document Text:  9 Other benefits of online instruction include more time for students to think about their responses on the discussion board (Turner and Crews, 2005) and the online environment better fits students’ learning styles and schedules (Botsch and Botsch, 2001; O’Malley and McCraw, 1999; Stokes, 2006). Specifically in the realm of student learning in American Government 101, Botsch and Botsch (2001) found online students to be more knowledgeable at the outset of the course, but the students were similar in efficacy and trust in government. They found that the mode of instruction made little difference in any of these variables at the end of the course. However, like other researchers of political education, Botsch and Botsch found student political knowledge did increase, trust in government was improved, and increased efficacy (Lopez and Kolaczkowski, 2003; Torney-Purta and Barber, 2004). In a pilot study of a hybrid online course, Pollock and Wilson (2002) found students in the hybrid course showed greater gains in political knowledge, but decreased levels of efficacy when compared to their traditional format counterparts. Location Born in 1900 in Joliet, Illinois, the community college has seen its role in higher education increase immensely, if only for the sheer number of students who attend. Currently 46% of all undergraduates were enrolled at 2-year institutions” (American Association of Community Colleges, 2008). With its open admission policy and lower tuition cost, the community college provides an opportunity for students who might not otherwise receive a shot at higher education (Grubb, 1999). However, evidence shows the open admission policy may have an adverse effect on achievement and attrition rates because it lowers expectations of educators and students, alike. In other words, students adopt cultural norms against success and educators teach to the prepared students while leaving the perceived under-prepared behind

Authors: Bryant, Jane.
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9
Other benefits of online instruction include more time for students to think about their
responses on the discussion board (Turner and Crews, 2005) and the online environment better
fits students’ learning styles and schedules (Botsch and Botsch, 2001; O’Malley and McCraw,
1999; Stokes, 2006).
Specifically in the realm of student learning in American Government 101, Botsch and
Botsch (2001) found online students to be more knowledgeable at the outset of the course, but
the students were similar in efficacy and trust in government. They found that the mode of
instruction made little difference in any of these variables at the end of the course. However, like
other researchers of political education, Botsch and Botsch found student political knowledge did
increase, trust in government was improved, and increased efficacy (Lopez and Kolaczkowski,
2003; Torney-Purta and Barber, 2004). In a pilot study of a hybrid online course, Pollock and
Wilson (2002) found students in the hybrid course showed greater gains in political knowledge,
but decreased levels of efficacy when compared to their traditional format counterparts.
Location
Born in 1900 in Joliet, Illinois, the community college has seen its role in higher
education increase immensely, if only for the sheer number of students who attend. Currently
46% of all undergraduates were enrolled at 2-year institutions” (American Association of
Community Colleges, 2008). With its open admission policy and lower tuition cost, the
community college provides an opportunity for students who might not otherwise receive a shot
at higher education (Grubb, 1999). However, evidence shows the open admission policy may
have an adverse effect on achievement and attrition rates because it lowers expectations of
educators and students, alike. In other words, students adopt cultural norms against success and
educators teach to the prepared students while leaving the perceived under-prepared behind


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