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Promoting Political Participation through Experience-based Political Education

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Abstract:

The studies of the Japanese political socialization have explained that the principle agents for the socialization are social groups which the youth belong to after their graduation of high school or university, rather than family and school. But our hypothesis is that the conditions the late political socialization model is based on have been disappearing because of the party realignment and the changes in the social and economic structures, especially advancing globalization. These, we assume, have caused the lowering voting rates and the increase in number of independents in the twenties, which is prominent compared with other generations. We claim that it is a time to create a new type political education for promoting the political participation.

Through our survey of the high school students, we found that their political efficacy is very low, and just as the earlier studies have explained, family and school may not contribute to their political socialization. From these findings, we discuss the necessity of an experience-based political education program. When students find that there are confronting values behind social problems and try to formulate the solutions to accommodate them, they can learn the essence of politics rather the superficial image of politics, however small the problems are. They can deepen their understanding of the complexity of politic and the government, and become more confident of their own ability to deal with politics.

Lastly, we discuss the findings from the two-day seminar for junior high school students conducted by the co-authors. The seminar took up the case of “unlawful parking of bicycles,” which is one of the common social problems in Japanese urban areas. Through the analysis of this social problem, students found who the stakeholders are and they came up with programs to solve it Post-seminar survey suggests that participated students not only deepened their understanding of the problem, but found that politics is involved in such a daily phenomenon and diverse values need to be respected. They extended their interests into other political issues as well. These capacities and attitudes are essential to various type of political participation. Co-authors believe that systematic introduction of political socialization using students’ daily experiences helps them prepare with essential attitudes toward politics, as well as helps them digest the formal political education through schooling

Most Common Document Word Stems:

polit (255), vote (112), 100 (103), student (90), interest (80), school (72), educ (65), social (62), relat (62), 2 (60), parti (59), particip (53), system (51), problem (49), japanes (48), govern (48), program (46), elect (43), bicycl (41), 18 (41), tabl (41),

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Political socialization, political efficacy, education program
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Name: APSA Teaching and Learning Conference
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http://www.apsanet.org


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MLA Citation:

Ishibashi, Shoichiro. and Chieko, Otsuru. "Promoting Political Participation through Experience-based Political Education" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the APSA Teaching and Learning Conference, San Jose Marriott, San Jose, California, Feb 22, 2008 <Not Available>. 2013-12-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p245649_index.html>

APA Citation:

Ishibashi, S. and Chieko, O. K. , 2008-02-22 "Promoting Political Participation through Experience-based Political Education" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the APSA Teaching and Learning Conference, San Jose Marriott, San Jose, California Online <APPLICATION/PDF>. 2013-12-15 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p245649_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: The studies of the Japanese political socialization have explained that the principle agents for the socialization are social groups which the youth belong to after their graduation of high school or university, rather than family and school. But our hypothesis is that the conditions the late political socialization model is based on have been disappearing because of the party realignment and the changes in the social and economic structures, especially advancing globalization. These, we assume, have caused the lowering voting rates and the increase in number of independents in the twenties, which is prominent compared with other generations. We claim that it is a time to create a new type political education for promoting the political participation.

Through our survey of the high school students, we found that their political efficacy is very low, and just as the earlier studies have explained, family and school may not contribute to their political socialization. From these findings, we discuss the necessity of an experience-based political education program. When students find that there are confronting values behind social problems and try to formulate the solutions to accommodate them, they can learn the essence of politics rather the superficial image of politics, however small the problems are. They can deepen their understanding of the complexity of politic and the government, and become more confident of their own ability to deal with politics.

Lastly, we discuss the findings from the two-day seminar for junior high school students conducted by the co-authors. The seminar took up the case of “unlawful parking of bicycles,” which is one of the common social problems in Japanese urban areas. Through the analysis of this social problem, students found who the stakeholders are and they came up with programs to solve it Post-seminar survey suggests that participated students not only deepened their understanding of the problem, but found that politics is involved in such a daily phenomenon and diverse values need to be respected. They extended their interests into other political issues as well. These capacities and attitudes are essential to various type of political participation. Co-authors believe that systematic introduction of political socialization using students’ daily experiences helps them prepare with essential attitudes toward politics, as well as helps them digest the formal political education through schooling

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