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Effectiveness of Personal Response Systems as a Classroom Technology Tool at Clemson University
Unformatted Document Text:  classroom technology to enhance teaching and learning. Conclusions are also made about how clickers affect exam performance and class attendance. How it Works Clickers are small battery operated hand held devices which look like television remote control. The clicker has an on-off button and has five other buttons labeled A to E. The clicker functions as a transmitter which sends real time information to a receiver usually mounted in the classroom. Receivers need to be within a certain radius of all the clickers (transmitters) to be able to receive information sent from the clickers. Students are made to purchase the clickers as part of the course materials. Once purchased, students register their clickers to their names either through a website or through in class registration process administered by the instructor. The registration process makes it possible to identify a particular clicker/student that sends information to the transmitter. During class, the teacher can then poll the answers students give to questions asked in class. This is done when the teacher asks a multiple choice question in class. The students will then respond to the question by pressing the alphabet on the clicker that corresponds to their preferred answer. The software then picks up the individual responses of the students and stores it in a database. With the help of a projector, the teacher can instantly display to the class a histogram showing the distribution of the answers to the question asked. It displays anonymously all the right answers and the wrong answers. The software is designed such that it allows the instructor to check immediately or later an individual student’s answers to specific questions. The instructor can then send emails to individual students telling them their score for each question. With this feature, the 5

Authors: Ainuson, Kweku.
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classroom technology to enhance teaching and learning. Conclusions are also made about
how clickers affect exam performance and class attendance.
How it Works
Clickers are small battery operated hand held devices which look like television
remote control. The clicker has an on-off button and has five other buttons labeled A to
E. The clicker functions as a transmitter which sends real time information to a receiver
usually mounted in the classroom. Receivers need to be within a certain radius of all the
clickers (transmitters) to be able to receive information sent from the clickers. Students
are made to purchase the clickers as part of the course materials. Once purchased,
students register their clickers to their names either through a website or through in class
registration process administered by the instructor. The registration process makes it
possible to identify a particular clicker/student that sends information to the transmitter.
During class, the teacher can then poll the answers students give to questions asked in
class. This is done when the teacher asks a multiple choice question in class. The students
will then respond to the question by pressing the alphabet on the clicker that corresponds
to their preferred answer. The software then picks up the individual responses of the
students and stores it in a database. With the help of a projector, the teacher can instantly
display to the class a histogram showing the distribution of the answers to the question
asked. It displays anonymously all the right answers and the wrong answers. The
software is designed such that it allows the instructor to check immediately or later an
individual student’s answers to specific questions. The instructor can then send emails to
individual students telling them their score for each question. With this feature, the
5


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