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Promoting Political Participation through Experience-based Political Education
Unformatted Document Text:  c. Self-Evaluation of Capability to Make Political Judgments Table 4 shows their opinions about lowering the voting age to 18 years old from the Japanese current system at 20 years old. Those supported was 27 % and those opposed was 34 %. They were then asked to choose the reasons for their opinions. Tables 5 and 6 respectively show the supporting and opposing reasons. Those supporting expect that the youth can learn about politics by participating in the system, while those opposing question their limited capability to make political judgments. Although the answers are the opposite, both groups start with the shared, low evaluation of their capability to make political judgment. Interestingly, such tendency to have a low self-evaluation has not changed since a generation ago 17 . Table 4 Opinions about Lowering the Voting Age Opinions Percent Support 27% Oppose 34 Neither 21 DK/NA 17 Total 100% Note: N=562 Table 5 Reasons for Supporting Lower Voting Age Reasons Percent 18-year olds have acquired capability to make political judgments 22% The youth should have their opinion reflected in the politics 26 It is important for the youth to learn about politics and increase political awareness through voting 42 Others 10 Total 100% Note: N=155 Table 6 Reasons for Opposing Lowering Voting Age Reasons Percent 18-year olds cannot make political judgments 64% Even if given the right, don’t think actually casting votes 19 Not many have work experience yet 15 Others 2 Total 100% Note: N=191 17 See this working paper, p.2 and note 10. 10

Authors: Ishibashi, Shoichiro. and Chieko, Otsuru.
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c. Self-Evaluation of Capability to Make Political Judgments
Table 4 shows their opinions about lowering the voting age to 18 years old from the
Japanese current system at 20 years old. Those supported was 27 % and those opposed was 34 %.
They were then asked to choose the reasons for their opinions. Tables 5 and 6 respectively show the
supporting and opposing reasons. Those supporting expect that the youth can learn about politics
by participating in the system, while those opposing question their limited capability to make
political judgments. Although the answers are the opposite, both groups start with the shared, low
evaluation of their capability to make political judgment. Interestingly, such tendency to have a low
self-evaluation has not changed since a generation ago
Table 4 Opinions about Lowering the Voting Age
Opinions Percent
Support
27%
Oppose 34
Neither 21
DK/NA 17
Total 100%
Note: N=562
Table 5 Reasons for Supporting Lower Voting Age
Reasons Percent
18-year olds have acquired capability to make political judgments
22%
The youth should have their opinion reflected in the politics
26
It is important for the youth to learn about politics and increase political awareness through
voting
42
Others
10
Total
100%
Note: N=155
Table 6 Reasons for Opposing Lowering Voting Age
Reasons Percent
18-year olds cannot make political judgments
64%
Even if given the right, don’t think actually casting votes
19
Not many have work experience yet
15
Others
2
Total
100%
Note: N=191
17
See this working paper, p.2 and note 10.
10


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