All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

'Politics in the School': Assessing a Brazilian Service Learning Experience Since 2005
Unformatted Document Text:  practice of extension and service learning. Indeed, until 1964 there were few such initiatives, usually involving only students. Ana Luiza Sousa (2000) proposes that we might look separately at three major protagonists in the history of Brazilian extension: the state (represented principally by the Ministry of Education), institutions of higher learning (professors), and the student movement. 8 Extension Work at UnB UnB is organized in faculties, institutes, and departments, with interdisciplinary formation as one of its guiding principles. The continuous action form of extension work is present in all areas and in the majority of departments. Activity is not restricted to University students since the external community can and should participate actively in the development of extension activities. Indeed, the Dean of Extensiońs office awards both class credits to students and certificates of participation to the community. Students also compete for modest stipends (about 200 per year) limited to three stipends per project. Those who hold stipends are treated like research scholarship students, required to develop their own research around their extension work and present their results at an annual campus conference. The University of Brasília is currently an institution of reference for extension projects of continuous action, on-going annually-renewed projects without any termination date. There are 151 stand-alone projects in eight thematic areas, concentrated mainly in the health sciences (53) and education (42). There are still another six programs englobing other projects structured along the lines envisioned by FORPROEX. 9 8 The inception of the military regime marked an abrupt change in the student movement. Students distanced themselves form extension work, owing to the changing role of the National Student Union (UNE; União Nacional de Estudantes) which went clandestine and struggled for political rights. The government thus became the primary agent responsible for executing extension activities linking universities to society. But in reality, these activities became mere imports of larger national development proposals. A major example of this period was the Rondon Project run through the Ministry of the Interior aimed at defending and colonizing Braziĺs far west through assistence work. University students were recruited as necessary human capital. On the other hand, the dictatorhip ushered in university reform in 1968, institutionalizing extension work (although still harnessed to its program of national integration). However, extension was not yet an obligatory activity at all universities even though pre-1964 there was some small experience with rural extension work. Universities were reduced to mere executors or spectators without autonomy over their own extension activities. Only with redemocratization in the 1980s and the resurgence of popular movements did extension work assume a more collective character closer to the conception defended here. A reflection of this shift was the creation of the Forum of Extension Pro-Rectors of the Brazilian Public Universities (FORPROEX, Fórum de Pró-Reitores de Extensão das Universidades Públicas Brasileiras) which has contributed decisively to instituionalizing extension during the last twenty years. The Forum conducts evaluations and studies on how extension work is developing or should be developing over the next several years. The Forum is formally recognized by the Ministry of Education which relies on its data for developing regulations and channeling financing to the extension area. The student movement, at last, timidly has begun to rearticulate with extension practices. 9 The democratic Federal Constitution of 1988 guaranteed space for university extension as one of the integral elements of the university. Along with this recognition, FORPROEX arose to provide a clear definition and direction for the institutionalization of the practice of extension. The National Extension Plan is an important milestone on the road to build a notion of extension as an environment for the exchange of experiences. Yet, a final definition is difficult to arrive at and still open to various interpretations as the Forum itself recognized: “University Extension is an educative, cultural, and scientific process which articulates Teaching and Research in an indissociable form and makes viable a transformative relation between University and Society” (Plano Nacional de Extensão 1999). The Forum, however, gives more concise indications as it is curently the principal actor and formulator of extension practice in Brazil.

Authors: Groth, Terrie.
first   previous   Page 7 of 20   next   last



background image
practice of extension and service learning. Indeed, until 1964 there were few such initiatives,
usually involving only students. Ana Luiza Sousa (2000) proposes that we might look separately
at three major protagonists in the history of Brazilian extension: the state (represented
principally by the Ministry of Education), institutions of higher learning (professors), and the
student movement.
Extension Work at UnB
UnB is organized in faculties, institutes, and departments, with interdisciplinary
formation as one of its guiding principles. The continuous action form of extension work is
present in all areas and in the majority of departments. Activity is not restricted to University
students since the external community can and should participate actively in the development of
extension activities. Indeed, the Dean of Extensiońs office awards both class credits to students
and certificates of participation to the community. Students also compete for modest stipends
(about 200 per year) limited to three stipends per project. Those who hold stipends are treated
like research scholarship students, required to develop their own research around their extension
work and present their results at an annual campus conference.
The University of Brasília is currently an institution of reference for extension projects of
continuous action, on-going annually-renewed projects without any termination date. There are
151 stand-alone projects in eight thematic areas, concentrated mainly in the health sciences (53)
and education (42). There are still another six programs englobing other projects structured
along the lines envisioned by FORPROEX.
8
The inception of the military regime marked an abrupt change in the student movement. Students
distanced themselves form extension work, owing to the changing role of the National Student Union (UNE; União
Nacional de Estudantes
) which went clandestine and struggled for political rights. The government thus became the
primary agent responsible for executing extension activities linking universities to society. But in reality, these
activities became mere imports of larger national development proposals. A major example of this period was the
Rondon Project run through the Ministry of the Interior aimed at defending and colonizing Braziĺs far west through
assistence work. University students were recruited as necessary human capital.
On the other hand, the dictatorhip ushered in university reform in 1968, institutionalizing extension work
(although still harnessed to its program of national integration). However, extension was not yet an obligatory
activity at all universities even though pre-1964 there was some small experience with rural extension work.
Universities were reduced to mere executors or spectators without autonomy over their own extension activities.
Only with redemocratization in the 1980s and the resurgence of popular movements did extension work
assume a more collective character closer to the conception defended here. A reflection of this shift was the creation
of the Forum of Extension Pro-Rectors of the Brazilian Public Universities (FORPROEX, Fórum de Pró-Reitores
de Extensão das Universidades Públicas Brasileiras
) which has contributed decisively to instituionalizing extension
during the last twenty years. The Forum conducts evaluations and studies on how extension work is developing or
should be developing over the next several years. The Forum is formally recognized by the Ministry of Education
which relies on its data for developing regulations and channeling financing to the extension area. The student
movement, at last, timidly has begun to rearticulate with extension practices.
9
The democratic Federal Constitution of 1988 guaranteed space for university extension as one of the
integral elements of the university. Along with this recognition, FORPROEX arose to provide a clear definition and
direction for the institutionalization of the practice of extension. The National Extension Plan is an important
milestone on the road to build a notion of extension as an environment for the exchange of experiences. Yet, a final
definition is difficult to arrive at and still open to various interpretations as the Forum itself recognized: “University
Extension is an educative, cultural, and scientific process which articulates Teaching and Research in an
indissociable form and makes viable a transformative relation between University and Society” (Plano Nacional de
Extensão 1999). The Forum, however, gives more concise indications as it is curently the principal actor and
formulator of extension practice in Brazil.


Convention
All Academic Convention can solve the abstract management needs for any association's annual meeting.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 7 of 20   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.