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Separation of Church and State: Constitutional Policy in Conflict
Unformatted Document Text:  Separation of Church and State: Constitutional Policy in Conflict 27 Some of the Gabler textbook standards they initiated and enforced especially with success in red conservative states, are following: reading books should present a “universe that rewards virtue and punishes vice; where good and evil are not moral equivalents; story content should provide “diverse views on current controversial issues such as global warming, feminism, evolution, and sensitive treatment of benefits to two parent families; and finally, high school world history text should “prevent stereotypes of whites as oppressors and people of color as victims” ( www.pbs.org 8/1/ 2007; at: www.textbookreviews.org/ ; http://www.lewrockwell.com/north/north332.html ; and http://www.bpnews.net/BPnews.asp?ID=26168 ; “All Things Considered” at www.npr.org 2007). William Simon was Catholic, a very conservative Catholic. He began influencing the Republican message from the early 70’s, and continues to influence its message even after his death in 2000. Along with Simon, there were many Catholics who did not like what they believed was an immoral, liberal, and Marxists direction the Nation was taking. These Catholics lived primarily in the suburbs, were upper-middle-class or upper class Americans (Cocozelli 2006-2007). For the most part, the Civil Rights Acts of the 60’s and the decision on Roe v. Wade in 1973, all of which conservative Catholics did not agree with, influenced them to leave the Democratic Party and become Republicans. Furthermore, a number of conservative Catholics have found common goals within the Opus Dei Society and became members, or are supporters of the society still today. More moderate Catholics remained loyal to the Democratic Party (ibid). To understand Opus Dei and the Catholic Right agenda, we need to understand Spanish “Carlism”, “…a preeminent political philosophy in Spain from the 1830s through the reign of Franco’s regime” (ibid). During the 1830s, Carlists wanted to reestablish the Bourbon Monarchy in Spain in order to stop the progressive rules of Charles III (1759-1788) and Charles IV (1788-1808), whose modern ideas to separate Church power from the Monarchy were unbearable concepts to them. The Carlists united forces and engaged in many violent struggles until they helped Don Carlos, son of Carlos IV take the throne in 1833 (Cocozelli Part 8, 2006).

Authors: Oberbauer, Angela.
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Separation of Church and State: Constitutional Policy in Conflict 27
Some of the Gabler textbook standards they initiated and enforced especially with success in red
conservative states, are following: reading books should present a “universe that rewards virtue
and punishes vice; where good and evil are not moral equivalents; story content should provide
“diverse views on current controversial issues such as global warming, feminism, evolution, and
sensitive treatment of benefits to two parent families; and finally, high school world history text
should “prevent stereotypes of whites as oppressors and people of color as victims” (
www.pbs.org
8/1/ 2007; at:
www.textbookreviews.org/
;
http://www.lewrockwell.com/north/north332.html
; and
http://www.bpnews.net/BPnews.asp?ID=26168
; “All Things Considered” at
www.npr.org
2007).
William Simon was Catholic, a very conservative Catholic. He began influencing the
Republican message from the early 70’s, and continues to influence its message even after his death
in 2000. Along with Simon, there were many Catholics who did not like what they believed was
an immoral, liberal, and Marxists direction the Nation was taking. These Catholics lived primarily
in the suburbs, were upper-middle-class or upper class Americans (Cocozelli 2006-2007).
For the most part, the Civil Rights Acts of the 60’s and the decision on Roe v. Wade in 1973, all
of which conservative Catholics did not agree with, influenced them to leave the Democratic Party
and become Republicans. Furthermore, a number of conservative Catholics have found common
goals within the Opus Dei Society and became members, or are supporters of the society still today.
More moderate Catholics remained loyal to the Democratic Party (ibid).
To understand Opus Dei and the Catholic Right agenda, we need to understand Spanish
“Carlism”, “…a preeminent political philosophy in Spain from the 1830s through the reign of
Franco’s regime” (ibid). During the 1830s, Carlists wanted to reestablish the Bourbon Monarchy in
Spain in order to stop the progressive rules of Charles III (1759-1788) and Charles IV (1788-1808),
whose modern ideas to separate Church power from the Monarchy were unbearable concepts to
them. The Carlists united forces and engaged in many violent struggles until they helped Don
Carlos, son of Carlos IV take the throne in 1833 (Cocozelli Part 8, 2006).


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