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Palestinain Civil Society- From Mini-State to Disarray- What Happened to the Well-Organized Civil Soceity After Oslo
Unformatted Document Text:  Introduction On January 25, 2006, elections were held in Palestinian West Bank, Gaza and East Jerusalm, known as the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT) to elct 132 members for the Palestinian Legislative Council (PLC), the parliament of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA). This was the first election to the PLC since 1996. Subsequent elections had been repeatedly postponed due to the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict (1) Final results showed that Hamas won the election, with 74 seats to the ruling-Fatah's 45, providing Hamas with the majority of seats and the ability to form a majority government on their own. "Hamas won 44 percent of the popular vote but 56 percent of the seats, while Fatah won 42 percent of the popular vote but only 34 percent of the seats" according to the New york Times. (2) Analysis of election results indicates that both parties won seats in proportion to their shares of the vote for the 66 listed seats. Hamas is overrepresented in the 66 district seats because it nominated more strategically than Fatah and did not have to compete with third parties and independents for the same voters' support. (3) The turnout was reported by the Central Elections Commission as being 74.6% — 76.0% in the Gaza Strip and 73.1% in the West Bank. After polls were closed, officials and observers called the vote "peaceful"; Edward McMillan-Scott, the British Conservative head of the European Parliament's monitoring team described the polls as "extremely professional, in line with international standards, free, transparent and without violence". His colleague, Italian Communist MEP Luisa Morgantini said there was "a very professional attitude, competence and respect for the rules 2 . All polling stations closed on time (7 p.m.) except for East Jerusalem, where voting 3

Authors: Abdeljaber, Hamid.
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background image
Introduction
On January 25, 2006, elections were held in Palestinian West Bank, Gaza and East
Jerusalm, known as the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT) to elct 132 members for the
Authority (PNA). This was the first election to the PLC since 1996. Subsequent elections
had been repeatedly postponed due to the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict
(1)
Final results showed that Hamas won the election, with 74 seats to the ruling-Fatah's 45,
providing Hamas with the majority of seats and the ability to form a majority government
on their own. "Hamas won 44 percent of the popular vote but 56 percent of the seats, while
Fatah won 42 percent of the popular vote but only 34 percent of the seats" according to the
New york Times.
(2)
Analysis of election results indicates that both parties won seats in
proportion to their shares of the vote for the 66 listed seats. Hamas is overrepresented in the
66 district seats because it nominated more strategically than Fatah and did not have to
compete with third parties and independents for the same voters' support.
(3)
The turnout was
reported by the Central Elections Commission as being 74.6% — 76.0% in the Gaza Strip
and 73.1% in the West Bank.
After polls were closed, officials and observers called the vote "peaceful"; Edward
team described the polls as "extremely professional, in line with international standards,
free, transparent and without violence". His colleague, Italian Communist MEP Luisa
Morgantini said there was "a very professional attitude, competence and respect for the
rules
2
. All polling stations closed on time (7 p.m.) except for East Jerusalem, where voting
3


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