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Interactional Sociolinguistics: Understanding the Impact of Culture on Interaction

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Abstract:

Interactional sociolinguistics (IS) has its origin in the search for replicable methods of qualitative sociolinguistic analysis that can provide insights into the linguistic and cultural diversity characteristic of today’s communicative environments, and document its impact on individuals’ lives. IS analysis therefore concentrates on speech exchanges involving two or more actors as its main object of study. The aim is to show how individuals participating in such exchanges use talk to achieve their communicative ends in real life situations by concentrating on the meaning making processes and the taken-for-granted background assumptions that underlie the negotiation of shared interpretations. IS focuses on the context and culturally specific situated inferences that members rely on to convey communicative intent. There is no a priori assumption that communicative resources are shared. IS assumes that interpretive assessments always build on locally or context specific background knowledge that takes the form of presuppositions that shift in the course of an encounter. A main purpose of IS analysis is to show how diversity affects interpretation. In IS analysis, speaking is treated as a reflexive process such that everything said can be seen as either directly reacting to preceding talk, reflecting a set of immediate circumstances or responding to past events, whether directly experienced or indirectly transmitted. By revealing the underlying and otherwise bound to remain hidden interpretive process that affects an encounter, IS analysis of key situations in institutional life can provide insights into the ways in which communication works in interaction, and can distinguish between ideologically based assessments and matters of discursive form. At the same time it enables participants to learn from the difficulties arising in their contacts with others.
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Association:
Name: NCA 94th Annual Convention
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http://www.natcom.org


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URL: http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p256541_index.html
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MLA Citation:

Gumperz, John. "Interactional Sociolinguistics: Understanding the Impact of Culture on Interaction" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the NCA 94th Annual Convention, TBA, San Diego, CA, <Not Available>. 2014-11-30 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p256541_index.html>

APA Citation:

Gumperz, J. J. "Interactional Sociolinguistics: Understanding the Impact of Culture on Interaction" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the NCA 94th Annual Convention, TBA, San Diego, CA <Not Available>. 2014-11-30 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p256541_index.html

Publication Type: Invited Paper
Abstract: Interactional sociolinguistics (IS) has its origin in the search for replicable methods of qualitative sociolinguistic analysis that can provide insights into the linguistic and cultural diversity characteristic of today’s communicative environments, and document its impact on individuals’ lives. IS analysis therefore concentrates on speech exchanges involving two or more actors as its main object of study. The aim is to show how individuals participating in such exchanges use talk to achieve their communicative ends in real life situations by concentrating on the meaning making processes and the taken-for-granted background assumptions that underlie the negotiation of shared interpretations. IS focuses on the context and culturally specific situated inferences that members rely on to convey communicative intent. There is no a priori assumption that communicative resources are shared. IS assumes that interpretive assessments always build on locally or context specific background knowledge that takes the form of presuppositions that shift in the course of an encounter. A main purpose of IS analysis is to show how diversity affects interpretation. In IS analysis, speaking is treated as a reflexive process such that everything said can be seen as either directly reacting to preceding talk, reflecting a set of immediate circumstances or responding to past events, whether directly experienced or indirectly transmitted. By revealing the underlying and otherwise bound to remain hidden interpretive process that affects an encounter, IS analysis of key situations in institutional life can provide insights into the ways in which communication works in interaction, and can distinguish between ideologically based assessments and matters of discursive form. At the same time it enables participants to learn from the difficulties arising in their contacts with others.


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