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The Criminalization and Dehumanization of Blacks in the Modern Era

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Abstract:

In Part 1 of this talk, Dr. Eberhardt will present studies that demonstrate an association of African Americans with criminality. She will argue that this association influences how both ordinary citizens and police officers perceive and analyze the people and objects they encounter. For example, the mere presence of a Black face enhances people's ability to detect degraded images of weapons. The association of Blacks with criminality can also determine whose faces capture our attention. Dr. Eberhardt will demonstrate that this association is strongly related to death sentencing decisions as well. In Part 2 of this talk, she will present studies to show that African Americans are not only associated with crime, but they also are associated with animals, apes in particular. For example, exposing people to images of apes leads people to visually attend to Black faces. This Black-ape association also has implications in the criminal justice context. For instance, Dr. Eberhardt and her colleagues examined this association using a data set of death eligible defendants in the city of Philadelphia over a 20-year period. They found that newspaper articles written about these Black defendants were more likely to contain animal imagery than articles written about White defendants and that animal imagery predicted death sentencing. Although people typically understand the dehumanization of African Americans as a thing of the past, this research demonstrates that modern racial bias can operate through subtle processes yet produce effects that lead to egregious racial inequalities.
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Name: American Psychology - Law Society
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MLA Citation:

Eberhardt, Jennifer. "The Criminalization and Dehumanization of Blacks in the Modern Era" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology - Law Society, Hyatt Regency Jacksonville Riverfront, Jacksonville, FL, <Not Available>. 2013-12-15 <http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p261698_index.html>

APA Citation:

Eberhardt, J. "The Criminalization and Dehumanization of Blacks in the Modern Era" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Psychology - Law Society, Hyatt Regency Jacksonville Riverfront, Jacksonville, FL <Not Available>. 2013-12-15 from http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p261698_index.html

Publication Type: Conference Paper/Unpublished Manuscript
Abstract: In Part 1 of this talk, Dr. Eberhardt will present studies that demonstrate an association of African Americans with criminality. She will argue that this association influences how both ordinary citizens and police officers perceive and analyze the people and objects they encounter. For example, the mere presence of a Black face enhances people's ability to detect degraded images of weapons. The association of Blacks with criminality can also determine whose faces capture our attention. Dr. Eberhardt will demonstrate that this association is strongly related to death sentencing decisions as well. In Part 2 of this talk, she will present studies to show that African Americans are not only associated with crime, but they also are associated with animals, apes in particular. For example, exposing people to images of apes leads people to visually attend to Black faces. This Black-ape association also has implications in the criminal justice context. For instance, Dr. Eberhardt and her colleagues examined this association using a data set of death eligible defendants in the city of Philadelphia over a 20-year period. They found that newspaper articles written about these Black defendants were more likely to contain animal imagery than articles written about White defendants and that animal imagery predicted death sentencing. Although people typically understand the dehumanization of African Americans as a thing of the past, this research demonstrates that modern racial bias can operate through subtle processes yet produce effects that lead to egregious racial inequalities.

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