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Hail to the Fundraiser-in-Chief: The Evolution of Presidential Fundraising Travel, 1977-2004
Unformatted Document Text:  predicted to hold more events in large electoral states, during their first term, later in their term, and in their home state, presidential popularity is not a statistically significant predictor of greater numbers of non-fundraiser-related events. Model 4 provides further evidence that presidents are more likely to hold fundraising events in states in which they have found electoral support, as the new variable is statistically significant with a positive coefficient, indicating that presidents are predicted to hold more events in states in which they were more popular in the past presidential election. This analysis supports the notion that a president’s electoral and financial geographies are different, and that fundraisers take presidents to places they otherwise might not go. Both greater electoral size and competitiveness are statistically significant predictors of larger numbers of non-fundraiser-related events, while neither predicts more frequent fundraising activity. Instead, presidents tend to hold more fundraisers in states in which they have found greater electoral support, regardless of electoral size. Conclusions This study sheds new light on an important element of the permanent campaign for the presidency. Presidential fundraising is a growing part of presidential reelection and party-building efforts throughout a president’s term. Travel for fundraisers and related events makes up a over one-third of presidential travel, and overall levels of fundraising travel have risen from 1977 through 2004, though fundraisers have stayed relatively stable as a percentage of presidential travel. On average, presidents now fundraise in more states than they used to, but they still travel a great deal to states in which they don't attend fundraising events. Doherty 18

Authors: Doherty, Brendan.
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predicted to hold more events in large electoral states, during their first term, later in their
term, and in their home state, presidential popularity is not a statistically significant
predictor of greater numbers of non-fundraiser-related events. Model 4 provides further
evidence that presidents are more likely to hold fundraising events in states in which they
have found electoral support, as the new variable is statistically significant with a positive
coefficient, indicating that presidents are predicted to hold more events in states in which
they were more popular in the past presidential election.
This analysis supports the notion that a president’s electoral and financial
geographies are different, and that fundraisers take presidents to places they otherwise
might not go. Both greater electoral size and competitiveness are statistically significant
predictors of larger numbers of non-fundraiser-related events, while neither predicts more
frequent fundraising activity. Instead, presidents tend to hold more fundraisers in states
in which they have found greater electoral support, regardless of electoral size.
Conclusions
This study sheds new light on an important element of the permanent campaign
for the presidency. Presidential fundraising is a growing part of presidential reelection
and party-building efforts throughout a president’s term. Travel for fundraisers and
related events makes up a over one-third of presidential travel, and overall levels of
fundraising travel have risen from 1977 through 2004, though fundraisers have stayed
relatively stable as a percentage of presidential travel. On average, presidents now
fundraise in more states than they used to, but they still travel a great deal to states in
which they don't attend fundraising events.
Doherty
18


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