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Ballot Roll-off in Intermediate Appellate Court Elections
Unformatted Document Text:  25 Table 1. Average Roll-Off (in Percentages) in IAC Elections 2000-2007State Election Type Mean S.D. Min Max N AR Nonpartisan 5.59 .26 5.41 5.78 2 AL Partisan 8.10 .87 6.46 9.41 16 NC 1 Nonpartisan or Partisan 11.86 8.12 6.35 27.41 13 LA Partisan 12.37 3.02 10.24 14.50 2 NM 2 Partisan or Retention 16.61 9.85 4.95 28.10 13 OK Retention 17.92 .97 16.86 19.83 19 AK Retention 20.91 3.59 16.8 23.41 3 FL Retention 20.97 4.21 14.48 36.88 81 IL 2 Partisan or Retention 21.97 10.96 4.35 38.95 38 MS Nonpartisan 21.99 9.80 1.55 39.88 14 MO Retention 21.59 2.95 15.49 26.47 26 KS Retention 22.79 2.34 19.02 27.45 22 MD Retention 23.46 6.68 14.36 34.05 12 CO Retention 24.07 3.11 20.93 28.02 12 IN Retention 25.94 15.30 4.37 50.25 15 UT Retention 27.27 .00 27.27 27.27 1 KY Nonpartisan 29.43 7.11 19.34 35.78 5 TX Partisan 30.38 16.03 .13 60.08 148 OH Nonpartisan 32.61 10.14 10.33 64.10 94 NE Retention 34.22 16.84 22.34 61.47 6 MN Nonpartisan 34.59 3.73 27.31 39.47 20 GA Nonpartisan 34.84 11.31 19.46 46.37 10 WA Nonpartisan 35.05 7.17 15.30 47.24 21 AZ Retention 38.42 11.56 25.11 64.34 28 CA Retention 39.89 5.43 24.19 49.84 107 IA Retention 41.19 2.55 38.23 45.13 12 MI Nonpartisan 41.95 8.47 25.64 52.97 12 OR Nonpartisan 42.44 2.82 40.78 45.70 3 ALL STATES ALL ELECTIONS 29.12 12.78 .13 64.34 755 1 North Carolina switched from partisan to nonpartisan elections beginning in 2004. 2 Illinois and New Mexico use partisan elections in initial terms and retention elections otherwise.

Authors: Streb, Matthew., Frederick, Brian. and LaFrance, Casey.
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25
Table 1. Average Roll-Off (in Percentages) in IAC Elections 2000-2007
State
Election Type
Mean
S.D.
Min
Max
N
AR
Nonpartisan
5.59
.26
5.41
5.78
2
AL
Partisan
8.10
.87
6.46
9.41
16
NC
1
Nonpartisan or Partisan
11.86
8.12
6.35
27.41
13
LA
Partisan
12.37
3.02
10.24
14.50
2
NM
2
Partisan or Retention
16.61
9.85
4.95
28.10
13
OK
Retention
17.92
.97
16.86
19.83
19
AK
Retention
20.91
3.59
16.8
23.41
3
FL
Retention
20.97
4.21
14.48
36.88
81
IL
2
Partisan or Retention
21.97
10.96
4.35
38.95
38
MS
Nonpartisan
21.99
9.80
1.55
39.88
14
MO
Retention
21.59
2.95
15.49
26.47
26
KS
Retention
22.79
2.34
19.02
27.45
22
MD
Retention
23.46
6.68
14.36
34.05
12
CO
Retention
24.07
3.11
20.93
28.02
12
IN
Retention
25.94
15.30
4.37
50.25
15
UT
Retention
27.27
.00
27.27
27.27
1
KY
Nonpartisan
29.43
7.11
19.34
35.78
5
TX
Partisan
30.38
16.03
.13
60.08
148
OH
Nonpartisan
32.61
10.14
10.33
64.10
94
NE
Retention
34.22
16.84
22.34
61.47
6
MN
Nonpartisan
34.59
3.73
27.31
39.47
20
GA
Nonpartisan
34.84
11.31
19.46
46.37
10
WA
Nonpartisan
35.05
7.17
15.30
47.24
21
AZ
Retention
38.42
11.56
25.11
64.34
28
CA
Retention
39.89
5.43
24.19
49.84
107
IA
Retention
41.19
2.55
38.23
45.13
12
MI
Nonpartisan
41.95
8.47
25.64
52.97
12
OR
Nonpartisan
42.44
2.82
40.78
45.70
3
ALL STATES
ALL ELECTIONS
29.12
12.78
.13
64.34
755
1
North Carolina switched from partisan to nonpartisan elections beginning in 2004.
2
Illinois and New Mexico use partisan elections in initial terms and retention elections otherwise.


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