All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

"New-Style" Judicial Campaigns and the Legitimacy of State High Courts
Unformatted Document Text:  For a recent meta-analysis of this voluminous literature, see Lau, Sigelman, and Rovner 2007. 2 I realize, of course, that not all state courts of last resort are actually named “Supreme Courts.” 3 Nonetheless, for simplicity, I will use that term to refer to the state courts of last resort. Experimental vignettes are short stories that are often used as embedded experiments in representative 4 surveys. Typically, multiple story versions are formed by combining experimental treatments (e.g.,exposed to attack advertisements versus not), and each respondent is presented with a single story(randomly assigned) about which he or she is asked to make various judgments. For examples of the useof experimental vignettes, see Gibson and Gouws 2001, Gibson 2002, and Duch and Palmer 2004. -2- than many wedded to the normative idea of cleaner campaigning might be inclined to believe” (Brooks 2006, 693). Similarly, Geer (2006) actually touts the value of negative advertising and attack ads in his recent comprehensive analysis of advertisements in presidential campaigns. Although scholars of elections rarely consider such “dependent variables” as institutional legitimacy (just as they rarely consider judicial elections), we know at a minimum that the effects of campaigning on citizens are not simple, and that they often vary considerably from what many anticipate. 2 The purpose of this article is to carefully consider how campaign activity by judges influences the legitimacy of state courts. Based on a representative national survey conducted in 2007, this analysis uses experimental methods to discern how specific types of campaign behavior shape the legitimacy the public accords state supreme courts. Specifically, I investigate the influence on perceived impartiality of 3 three types of campaign activity: ! the use of attack ads ! the acceptance of campaign contributions ! the announcement of policy positions by candidates for judicial office Each of these represents a causal factor in an experimental vignette embedded in the national survey. 4 Because this is a true experiment (with random assignment of respondents to treatments), I am entitled to an uncommon degree of certainty about the causal connections between campaign activity and institutional legitimacy. In addition, the use of a representative national sample allows inferences from

Authors: Gibson, James.
first   previous   Page 4 of 42   next   last



background image
For a recent meta-analysis of this voluminous literature, see Lau, Sigelman, and Rovner 2007.
2
I realize, of course, that not all state courts of last resort are actually named “Supreme Courts.”
3
Nonetheless, for simplicity, I will use that term to refer to the state courts of last resort.
Experimental vignettes are short stories that are often used as embedded experiments in representative
4
surveys. Typically, multiple story versions are formed by combining experimental treatments (e.g.,
exposed to attack advertisements versus not), and each respondent is presented with a single story
(randomly assigned) about which he or she is asked to make various judgments. For examples of the use
of experimental vignettes, see Gibson and Gouws 2001, Gibson 2002, and Duch and Palmer 2004.
-2-
than many wedded to the normative idea of cleaner campaigning might be inclined to believe” (Brooks
2006, 693). Similarly, Geer (2006) actually touts the value of negative advertising and attack ads in his
recent comprehensive analysis of advertisements in presidential campaigns. Although scholars of
elections rarely consider such “dependent variables” as institutional legitimacy (just as they rarely
consider judicial elections), we know at a minimum that the effects of campaigning on citizens are not
simple, and that they often vary considerably from what many anticipate.
2
The purpose of this article is to carefully consider how campaign activity by judges influences
the legitimacy of state courts. Based on a representative national survey conducted in 2007, this analysis
uses experimental methods to discern how specific types of campaign behavior shape the legitimacy the
public accords state supreme courts. Specifically, I investigate the influence on perceived impartiality of
3
three types of campaign activity:
! the use of attack ads
! the acceptance of campaign contributions
! the announcement of policy positions by candidates for judicial office
Each of these represents a causal factor in an experimental vignette embedded in the national survey.
4
Because this is a true experiment (with random assignment of respondents to treatments), I am entitled to
an uncommon degree of certainty about the causal connections between campaign activity and
institutional legitimacy. In addition, the use of a representative national sample allows inferences from


Convention
Convention is an application service for managing large or small academic conferences, annual meetings, and other types of events!
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 4 of 42   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.