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Gender Quotas and Political Ambition: Evidence From Germany
Unformatted Document Text:  21 Independent Variables: Family Circumstances The survey included a number of measures of respondents’ personal lives which may influence their political ambition. The dummy variable married measures whether a respondent was married or in a domestic partnership. Because women are primarily responsible for childcare, I expect the presence of minor children in the home to depress their political ambition, while children are less likely have this effect on men. Hence I include the interactive variables menkids and womenkids. I also include a dummy called childcare which is coded 1 for respondents who indicated they were the sole primary caregiver for minor children; respondents who shared childcare, whose spouse was primarily responsible, or who had no children were coded zero. The variable chores is a measure of the role played by the respondent in cooking, cleaning, shopping, and doing laundry. For each task respondents received two points if they reported primary responsibility for this task in their household, one point if they shared the task with a partner, relative, or paid helper, and no points if their partner assumed primary responsibility for this task. Finally, I asked respondents whether they had turned down a chance to run for office or would turn down a chance to run for office because it would take time away from their family. This is measured by a dummy variable called timefamily. Independent Variables: Motivations for Running (or Considering a Run) In addition to questions about their personal circumstances, respondents were asked questions about what had motivated them to run for office, or what would motivate them

Authors: Davidson-Schmich, Louise.
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Independent Variables: Family Circumstances
The survey included a number of measures of respondents’ personal lives which may
influence their political ambition. The dummy variable married measures whether a
respondent was married or in a domestic partnership. Because women are primarily
responsible for childcare, I expect the presence of minor children in the home to depress
their political ambition, while children are less likely have this effect on men. Hence I
include the interactive variables menkids and womenkids. I also include a dummy called
childcare which is coded 1 for respondents who indicated they were the sole primary
caregiver for minor children; respondents who shared childcare, whose spouse was
primarily responsible, or who had no children were coded zero. The variable chores is a
measure of the role played by the respondent in cooking, cleaning, shopping, and doing
laundry. For each task respondents received two points if they reported primary
responsibility for this task in their household, one point if they shared the task with a
partner, relative, or paid helper, and no points if their partner assumed primary
responsibility for this task. Finally, I asked respondents whether they had turned down a
chance to run for office or would turn down a chance to run for office because it would
take time away from their family. This is measured by a dummy variable called
timefamily.
Independent Variables: Motivations for Running (or Considering a Run)
In addition to questions about their personal circumstances, respondents were asked
questions about what had motivated them to run for office, or what would motivate them


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