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Gender Quotas and Political Ambition: Evidence From Germany
Unformatted Document Text:  32 Appendix: Progressive Political Ambition Another way to measure political ambition is to assess what people do once they hold elective office. Schlesinger (1966) expected politicians to harbor what he called “progressive ambition,” desiring either reelection to their current post or election to a higher office. The only bodies to which large numbers of survey respondents had actually been elected were local councils, county councils, and state legislatures. At the local level, men had served significantly longer terms than women (5.5 years compared to 3.9 years) whereas the reverse was true at the state level where female MPs had served an average of 8.8 years compared to 4.9 years for male MPs. At the county level there was no statistically significant difference in the length of term served. No significant gender differences emerged when all officeholders were asked about their future plans (see Table A1). Relatively equal percentages of men and women planned on running for a higher office as opposed to running for the same office again or deciding not to run again. Further research will discuss this finding in more detail. Table A1: Gender and Progressive Political Ambition What are you planning to do in the future? Men (N = 127) Women (N = 135) Run for higher office 18.10% 17.00% Run for same office 58.30% 54.80% Won’t run again 29.10% 28.90%

Authors: Davidson-Schmich, Louise.
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32
Appendix: Progressive Political Ambition
Another way to measure political ambition is to assess what people do once they hold
elective office. Schlesinger (1966) expected politicians to harbor what he called
“progressive ambition,” desiring either reelection to their current post or election to a
higher office. The only bodies to which large numbers of survey respondents had actually
been elected were local councils, county councils, and state legislatures. At the local
level, men had served significantly longer terms than women (5.5 years compared to 3.9
years) whereas the reverse was true at the state level where female MPs had served an
average of 8.8 years compared to 4.9 years for male MPs. At the county level there was
no statistically significant difference in the length of term served. No significant gender
differences emerged when all officeholders were asked about their future plans (see Table
A1). Relatively equal percentages of men and women planned on running for a higher
office as opposed to running for the same office again or deciding not to run again.
Further research will discuss this finding in more detail.
Table A1: Gender and Progressive Political Ambition
What are you planning to do in the future? Men (N = 127) Women
(N = 135)
Run for higher office
18.10% 17.00%
Run for same office
58.30% 54.80%
Won’t run again
29.10% 28.90%


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