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A Comparative Analysis of Associations of Governors in Argentina and Mexico
Unformatted Document Text:  10 de Gobernadores. The Association did not disappear officially, but by 2001 it had ceased to operate in practice. In 2002, a new organization, the National Conference of Governors (Conago) was formed. The main focus of the Conference was on question of finance. Efforts were made to improve the financial health of the state governments seeking: to institutionalize a fund devised to strengthen state governments (the P AFEF , or Programa de Apoyos para el Fortalecimiento de las Entidades Federativas) in the federal budget, to redistribute federal resources transferred to the states for education and health expenditures employing fairer and open criteria, to clarify the formula employed for the distribution of unconditional transfers (participaciones) to the states, and to recuperate for the states the power to levy certain types of taxes. Conago was created, largely, thanks to the initiative of the governors of Zacatecas (Ricardo Monreal, PRD) and of Tlaxcala (Alfonso Sánchez-Anaya, PRD). 8 The idea behind Conago emerged at a gathering of governors who were members of the PRD (five at the time); they were soon joined by the governors elected under the PRIista banner (17) and by another governor elected as the candidate of a coalition of parties. Thus, the Conference held its founding session with 23 governors present of the total of 32. 9 Significantly, the National Conference of Governors (created during the government of Vicente Fox, PAN) initiated solely with opposition governors in session, in this case basically those affiliated to the PRD or the PRI, as had also been the case with the previous association of governors (the Anago, although in that case by governors affiliated to the PRD and the PAN). More than a year passed before the PANista governors also joined. As the associations of Argentinean and Mexican governors show, it would seem that governors belonging to political parties in opposition to party of the president have 8 Ricardo Monreal and Alfonso Sánchez-Anaya were long time members of the PRI, who sought the gubernatorial nomination of their party in Zacatecas and Tlaxcala respectively. After the PRI failed to nominate them for the governorships, they resigned from the party and joined the PRD to win, with ample margins, their respective gubernatorial contests. 9 Formally the Federal District (Mexico City) is not a state, and thus does not elect a governor, but a chief of government.

Authors: Flamand, Laura. and Juan, Olmeda.
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10
de Gobernadores. The Association did not disappear officially, but by 2001 it had ceased
to operate in practice.
In 2002, a new organization, the National Conference of Governors (Conago) was
formed. The main focus of the Conference was on question of finance. Efforts were made
to improve the financial health of the state governments seeking: to institutionalize a
fund devised to strengthen state governments (the P
AFEF
,
or Programa de Apoyos para el
Fortalecimiento de las Entidades Federativas) in the federal budget, to redistribute
federal resources transferred to the states for education and health expenditures
employing fairer and open criteria, to clarify the formula employed for the distribution of
unconditional transfers (participaciones) to the states, and to recuperate for the states
the power to levy certain types of taxes.
Conago was created, largely, thanks to the initiative of the governors of Zacatecas
(Ricardo Monreal, PRD) and of Tlaxcala (Alfonso Sánchez-Anaya, PRD).
8
The idea behind
Conago emerged at a gathering of governors who were members of the PRD (five at the
time); they were soon joined by the governors elected under the PRIista banner (17) and
by another governor elected as the candidate of a coalition of parties. Thus, the
Conference held its founding session with 23 governors present of the total of 32.
9
Significantly, the National Conference of Governors (created during the government
of Vicente Fox, PAN) initiated solely with opposition governors in session, in this case
basically those affiliated to the PRD or the PRI, as had also been the case with the
previous association of governors (the Anago, although in that case by governors
affiliated to the PRD and the PAN). More than a year passed before the PANista governors
also joined.
As the associations of Argentinean and Mexican governors show, it would seem that
governors belonging to political parties in opposition to party of the president have
8
Ricardo Monreal and Alfonso Sánchez-Anaya were long time members of the PRI, who sought the gubernatorial
nomination of their party in Zacatecas and Tlaxcala respectively. After the PRI failed to nominate them for the
governorships, they resigned from the party and joined the PRD to win, with ample margins, their respective
gubernatorial contests.
9
Formally the Federal District (Mexico City) is not a state, and thus does not elect a governor, but a chief of
government.


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