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A Comparative Analysis of Integration Efforts in Europe and South America
Unformatted Document Text:  Brian Hardt deeper integration to occur, or even for Mercosur to survive, Brazil must show a recommitment to the region. (Implications of the Mercosur Agreement for Cereal and Livestock Products Market and Trade, 1998) Recent events might be leading to a Brazilian recommitment. Dismayed by the slow pace and practical collapse of the current Doha rounds on world trade, Brazil reportedly walked out of negotiation meetings (Cason, 2007). Discouragement in the realm of global trade might draw Brazil back to the original intent of Mercosur and refocus on regional commitments. This could benefit Brazil in several ways. First, unable to secure access to global markets through the Doha negotiations, Brazil could work on strengthening and expanding regional markets to ensure a place to sell Brazilian goods. Secondly, a strengthened Mercosur would be able to exert greater negotiating power and might be able to reopen previously failed talks with the US involving the Free Trade Area of the Americas and separate talks with the EU. In order to achieve these possibilities, greater attention needs to be focused on the smaller members of Mercosur, Paraguay and Uruguay, who have so far seemed like associate members in a bi-lateral trade agreement between Brazil and Argentina. Brazil must be able to infuse national interests with a promotion of further regional development. IX. Political Homogeneity After the fascist and corporatist regimes of Italy and Germany were overthrown during WWII, a wave democracy overtook Western Europe. Occupying previous Axis nations, the Allied victors installed democratic regimes that soon adopted democratic constitutions. By the time serious talks of integration arose around 1950, a majority of the states of Western Europe were in varying degrees of consolidating democracy or had a monarchy that reflected some degree democratic rights and principles towards the citizenry. By having similar forms of government, with similar political structures and a growing sense of shared values and norms, the process of integration was made easier. The EU later re-enforced this principle by creating the Copenhagen Criteria which established the rule of law, respect of human rights and stable democratic institutions as requirements for membership which simply streamlined basic accepted values. The early democratic conformity removed basic obstacles and broad negotiating points due to differing ideology in Europe that are still present in the South American process. Even though all four member states of Mercosur are established democracies there has been 19

Authors: Hardt, Brian.
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Brian Hardt
deeper integration to occur, or even for Mercosur to survive, Brazil must show a recommitment to the region.
(Implications of the Mercosur Agreement for Cereal and Livestock Products Market and Trade, 1998)
Recent events might be leading to a Brazilian recommitment. Dismayed by the slow pace and practical
collapse of the current Doha rounds on world trade, Brazil reportedly walked out of negotiation meetings (Cason,
2007). Discouragement in the realm of global trade might draw Brazil back to the original intent of Mercosur and
refocus on regional commitments. This could benefit Brazil in several ways. First, unable to secure access to
global markets through the Doha negotiations, Brazil could work on strengthening and expanding regional
markets to ensure a place to sell Brazilian goods. Secondly, a strengthened Mercosur would be able to exert
greater negotiating power and might be able to reopen previously failed talks with the US involving the Free
Trade Area of the Americas and separate talks with the EU. In order to achieve these possibilities, greater
attention needs to be focused on the smaller members of Mercosur, Paraguay and Uruguay, who have so far
seemed like associate members in a bi-lateral trade agreement between Brazil and Argentina. Brazil must be able
to infuse national interests with a promotion of further regional development.
IX. Political Homogeneity
After the fascist and corporatist regimes of Italy and Germany were overthrown during WWII, a wave
democracy overtook Western Europe. Occupying previous Axis nations, the Allied victors installed democratic
regimes that soon adopted democratic constitutions. By the time serious talks of integration arose around 1950, a
majority of the states of Western Europe were in varying degrees of consolidating democracy or had a monarchy
that reflected some degree democratic rights and principles towards the citizenry. By having similar forms of
government, with similar political structures and a growing sense of shared values and norms, the process of
integration was made easier. The EU later re-enforced this principle by creating the Copenhagen Criteria which
established the rule of law, respect of human rights and stable democratic institutions as requirements for
membership which simply streamlined basic accepted values. The early democratic conformity removed basic
obstacles and broad negotiating points due to differing ideology in Europe that are still present in the South
American process. Even though all four member states of Mercosur are established democracies there has been
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