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A Comparative Analysis of Integration Efforts in Europe and South America
Unformatted Document Text:  Brian Hardt military members of the Stroessner regime (Davies, 2006). Paraguayan society has shown commitment to investigating and persecuting past abuses which allows for possible unification on crime and justice in the far future. The possibility for integration and unification along the lines of law looks to be an uphill battle for many of the Mercosur nations. When the time comes for a deeper integration with associate members, the hill gets even stepper. Chile, Peru and Colombia have vast territory to cover in the realm of justice and law enforcement. Each Mercosur nation must first approach their own histories of human rights violations, political oppression and gross violations of law before any collective regional attempt can be made. Transparency and accountability within the rule of law are necessary to promote a stabile environment for further investment and integration. The member nations have just started to address these issues. As progress is made, even the most enthusiastic supporters of further integration must admit to the long and difficult process of addressing past abuses. X. Conclusion The Mercosur group faces many challenges in trying to live up to Bolivar’s dreams. With histories of nationalized economies and state-protected industries, many South American nations have found it difficult to fully embrace neo-liberal policies and the implementation of liberalizing market reform. With the overthrow of the bureaucratic authoritarian regimes nearly three decades ago, South American entered into a new era. They have governmental structures that let ordinary citizens participate in the political process. New economic systems allow for global competitiveness. In short, South America experienced a new independence that led to a new sense of nationalism. The integration process, to achieve the deeper level that is Mercosur’s stated goal, requires that some aspects of state sovereignty be abandoned. While Europe was able to experience a long history involving the nation-state and the problems that can come with it, the states of South America do not have such a deep history and will be reluctant to surrender part of their new found sovereignty and autonomy. The South American public is now able to experience freedom and choice that had previously been restricted. The officials of Mercosur member states must be able to recognize the fact that some sovereignty must be sacrificed in order for the integration process to 29

Authors: Hardt, Brian.
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Brian Hardt
military members of the Stroessner regime (Davies, 2006). Paraguayan society has shown commitment to
investigating and persecuting past abuses which allows for possible unification on crime and justice in the far
future.
The possibility for integration and unification along the lines of law looks to be an uphill battle for many
of the Mercosur nations. When the time comes for a deeper integration with associate members, the hill gets even
stepper. Chile, Peru and Colombia have vast territory to cover in the realm of justice and law enforcement. Each
Mercosur nation must first approach their own histories of human rights violations, political oppression and gross
violations of law before any collective regional attempt can be made. Transparency and accountability within the
rule of law are necessary to promote a stabile environment for further investment and integration. The member
nations have just started to address these issues. As progress is made, even the most enthusiastic supporters of
further integration must admit to the long and difficult process of addressing past abuses.
X. Conclusion
The Mercosur group faces many challenges in trying to live up to Bolivar’s dreams. With histories of
nationalized economies and state-protected industries, many South American nations have found it difficult to
fully embrace neo-liberal policies and the implementation of liberalizing market reform. With the overthrow of
the bureaucratic authoritarian regimes nearly three decades ago, South American entered into a new era. They
have governmental structures that let ordinary citizens participate in the political process. New economic systems
allow for global competitiveness.
In short, South America experienced a new independence that led to a new sense of nationalism. The
integration process, to achieve the deeper level that is Mercosur’s stated goal, requires that some aspects of state
sovereignty be abandoned. While Europe was able to experience a long history involving the nation-state and the
problems that can come with it, the states of South America do not have such a deep history and will be reluctant
to surrender part of their new found sovereignty and autonomy. The South American public is now able to
experience freedom and choice that had previously been restricted. The officials of Mercosur member states must
be able to recognize the fact that some sovereignty must be sacrificed in order for the integration process to
29


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