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Ideas as Building Blocks of a Path: Islamic Challenge to the pro-Western Turkish Foreign Policy, 1996-1997
Unformatted Document Text:  Tables & Figures Table 1: A comparison of material and ideational path dependence Path emergence/ creation Path reproduction/ replication mechanisms Path shaping/ breaking Material Path Dependence - Contingent, concrete events initiate a path among multiple choices (multiple equilibria) - Increasing returns (positive feedback) (rational cost-benefit calculus) - Strategic process - Increases in opportunity costs of the existing path, which result from contingent, dramatic events at critical junctures, trigger the search for alternatives Ideational Path Dependence - Internalization of certain ideas and values, which constitute the collective identity, leads to paths through time. - Legitimation, taken-for-grantedness, appropriateness (ideational stickiness) - Non-strategic process - New situations and/or ideas and worldviews promoted by pro-change ideational entrepreneurs lead to the delegitimation of extant path and consequently to a search for alternatives Figure 1: Electoral strength of pro-Islamic parties in Turkey (1970-2002) Note: The votes of the following Islamist parties are counted: Milli Nizam Partisi (National Order Party, 1970-1971); Milli Selamet Partisi (National Salvation Party, 1972-1980); Refah Partisi (Welfare Party, 1983-1998); Fazilet Partisi (Virtue Party 1997- 2001); Saadet Partisi (Felicity Party, 2001-) 37

Authors: Sarigil, Zeki.
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background image
Tables & Figures
Table 1: A comparison of material and ideational path dependence
Path emergence/
creation
Path reproduction/
replication mechanisms
Path shaping/
breaking
Material
Path
Dependence

- Contingent, concrete
events initiate a path
among multiple choices
(multiple equilibria)
- Increasing returns (positive
feedback) (rational cost-
benefit calculus)

- Strategic process
- Increases in
opportunity costs of
the existing path,
which result from
contingent, dramatic
events at critical
junctures, trigger the
search for alternatives
Ideational
Path
Dependence
- Internalization of
certain ideas and values,
which constitute the
collective identity, leads
to paths through time.
- Legitimation, taken-for-
grantedness, appropriateness
(ideational stickiness)
- Non-strategic process
- New situations
and/or ideas and
worldviews promoted
by pro-change
ideational
entrepreneurs lead to
the delegitimation of
extant path and
consequently to a
search for alternatives
Figure 1: Electoral strength of pro-Islamic parties in Turkey (1970-2002)
Note: The votes of the following Islamist parties are counted: Milli Nizam
Partisi
(National Order Party, 1970-1971); Milli Selamet Partisi (National
Salvation Party, 1972-1980); Refah Partisi (Welfare Party, 1983-1998);
Fazilet Partisi (Virtue Party 1997- 2001); Saadet Partisi (Felicity Party, 2001-
)
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