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Can Gestures of Goodwill from the State Condition Attitudes in Post-Authoritarian Democracies?: A Field Experiment
Unformatted Document Text:  10 the conditions in your neighborhood, how satisfied are you with the work the state government is doing to improve the condition streets (i.e., fixing potholes), and how satisfied are you with the work the state government is doing to improve the condition of neighborhood parks and recreational areas. All three questions are on a 1 to 4 scale. The internal reliability for these measures has a Cronbach’s α of .812, which again, indicates a high level of correlation. Lastly, the prospective Civic Engagement Index is composed of the following three questions; do you think it is worthwhile working with others in your community to fix a common problem, if you had to fix a problem in your community, would you contact a government agency for help, and would you attend a community meeting to deal with a common problem. All three questions are dichotomously coded (0= no, 1= yes). The internal reliability for these measures has a Cronbach’s α .745 (see Appendix B for exact question wordings). To test how gestures of goodwill condition individuals’ willingness to become more involved in politics, I estimate the following two models. First, I model the dependant variables as a direct function of the experimental treatment using an Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regression (see Table 2). In a second specification I add common covariates of political participation such as resources (education level), media exposure (attention paid to the news), social networks (connection to one’s neighbors), and political sophistication (knowledge of campaign slogans) to the first specification in an effort to benchmark the magnitude of the letter against commonly modeled causes of efficacy, and political and civic engagement (see Table 3). 7 7 Education level is on a nine point scale ranging from no education to college graduate; attention paid to the news is an index of the amount of news shows a person watches; connection to one’s neighbors is an index composed of three questions, if they had a problem could they count on a neighbor for help, if they felt like part of their neighborhood (both on a dichotomous scale), and how many of their neighbors would

Authors: Nishikawa, Katsuo.
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the conditions in your neighborhood, how satisfied are you with the work the state
government is doing to improve the condition streets (i.e., fixing potholes), and how
satisfied are you with the work the state government is doing to improve the condition of
neighborhood parks and recreational areas. All three questions are on a 1 to 4 scale. The
internal reliability for these measures has a Cronbach’s α of .812, which again, indicates a
high level of correlation. Lastly, the prospective Civic Engagement Index is composed of
the following three questions; do you think it is worthwhile working with others in your
community to fix a common problem, if you had to fix a problem in your community,
would you contact a government agency for help, and would you attend a community
meeting to deal with a common problem. All three questions are dichotomously coded
(0= no, 1= yes). The internal reliability for these measures has a Cronbach’s α .745 (see
Appendix B for exact question wordings).
To test how gestures of goodwill condition individuals’ willingness to become
more involved in politics, I estimate the following two models. First, I model the
dependant variables as a direct function of the experimental treatment using an Ordinary
Least Squares (OLS) regression (see Table 2). In a second specification I add common
covariates of political participation such as resources (education level), media exposure
(attention paid to the news), social networks (connection to one’s neighbors), and
political sophistication (knowledge of campaign slogans) to the first specification in an
effort to benchmark the magnitude of the letter against commonly modeled causes of
efficacy, and political and civic engagement (see Table 3).
7
7
Education level is on a nine point scale ranging from no education to college graduate; attention paid to
the news is an index of the amount of news shows a person watches; connection to one’s neighbors is an
index composed of three questions, if they had a problem could they count on a neighbor for help, if they
felt like part of their neighborhood (both on a dichotomous scale), and how many of their neighbors would


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