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Can Gestures of Goodwill from the State Condition Attitudes in Post-Authoritarian Democracies?: A Field Experiment
Unformatted Document Text:  17 Table 1. Sample Population Compared to the State Population according to the National Institute of Statistics, Geography, and Information (INEGI) data from 2005 State Sample Female 49.7% 65.0% Male 50.3% 35.0% Average age 25 37 Incomplete primary school 13.4% 13.3% Completed primary school 16.2% 19.0% More than primary school 67.1% 60.0% Education DK/DA 3.1% 7.7% Catholics 81.4% 73.3% Christian/Evangelical 10.6% 10.2% No religion 6.2% 10.8% Voted in 06 presidential election 47.0% 45.8% Table 2. Experimental Direct Effects on Democratic Political Incorporation Political Engagement Index Efficacy Index Government Performance Index Civic Engagement Index OLS OLS Robust OLS OLS Robust OLS OLS Robust OLS OLS Robust b 0 6.127** (.246) 6.127** (.248) 6.057** (.180) 6.057** (.164) 7.850** (.231) 7.850** (.213) 2.260** (.111) 2.260** (.121) Experimental treatment -.078 (.298) -.078 (.299) -.482* (.219) -.482* (.208) -.796* (.279) -.796* (.268) .242 † (.135) .242 † (.142) Adjusted R 2 .003 .013 .029 .009 R 2 .0003 .0003 017 .017 .029 .029 .014 .014 N 270 270 273 273 273 273 228 228 †p <0.10 *p< 0.05 **p< 0.001 Table 3. Experimental Effects on Democratic Political Incorporation with Controls Engagement Index Efficacy Index Government Performance Index Civic Engagement Index OLS OLS Robust OLS OLS Robust OLS OLS Robust OLS OLS Robust b 0 4.666** (.581) 4.666** (.630) 6.710** (.436) 6.710** (.432) 6.614** (.553) 6.614** (.564) 1.241** (.263) 1.241** (.313) Experimental treatment .075 (.295) .075 (.288) -.506* (.223) -.506* (.217) -.726* (.282) -.726* (.275) .274 † (.134) .237 † (.137) Education .030 (.082) .030 (.092) .017 (.061) .017 (.068) .004 (.078) .004 (.080) .020 (.036) .020 (.038) Attention paid to the news .721** (.181) .721** (.167) -.300* (.137) -.300* (.119) .194 (.174) .194 (.180) .105 (.081) .105 (.076) Political Knowledge -.490* (.175) -.490* (.171) .208 (.133) .208 (.116) .285 (.169) .285 (.155) .100 (.081) .100 (.075) Neighborly Index .189* (.077) .189* (.080) -.120* (.058) -.120* (.060) .191* (.074) .191* (.073) .177** (.035) .177** (.037) Adjusted R 2 .087 .041 .046 114 R 2 .105 .105 .059 .059 .064 .064 135 135 N 260 260 263 263 263 263 218 218 †p <0.10 *p< 0.05 **p< 0.001

Authors: Nishikawa, Katsuo.
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17
Table 1. Sample Population Compared to the State Population according to the National Institute of
Statistics, Geography, and Information (INEGI) data from 2005
State
Sample
Female
49.7%
65.0%
Male
50.3%
35.0%
Average age
25
37
Incomplete primary school
13.4%
13.3%
Completed primary school
16.2%
19.0%
More than primary school
67.1%
60.0%
Education DK/DA
3.1%
7.7%
Catholics
81.4%
73.3%
Christian/Evangelical
10.6%
10.2%
No religion
6.2%
10.8%
Voted in 06 presidential election
47.0%
45.8%
Table 2. Experimental Direct Effects on Democratic Political Incorporation
Political
Engagement Index
Efficacy Index
Government
Performance Index
Civic Engagement
Index
OLS
OLS
Robust
OLS
OLS
Robust
OLS
OLS
Robust
OLS
OLS
Robust
b
0
6.127**
(.246)
6.127**
(.248)
6.057**
(.180)
6.057**
(.164)
7.850**
(.231)
7.850**
(.213)
2.260**
(.111)
2.260**
(.121)
Experimental
treatment
-.078
(.298)
-.078
(.299)
-.482*
(.219)
-.482*
(.208)
-.796*
(.279)
-.796*
(.268)
.242
(.135)
.242
(.142)
Adjusted R
2
.003
.013
.029
.009
R
2
.0003
.0003
017
.017
.029
.029
.014
.014
N
270
270
273
273
273
273
228
228
†p <0.10 *p< 0.05 **p< 0.001

Table 3. Experimental Effects on Democratic Political Incorporation with Controls
Engagement Index
Efficacy Index
Government
Performance Index
Civic Engagement
Index
OLS
OLS
Robust
OLS
OLS
Robust
OLS
OLS
Robust
OLS
OLS
Robust
b
0
4.666**
(.581)
4.666**
(.630)
6.710**
(.436)
6.710**
(.432)
6.614**
(.553)
6.614**
(.564)
1.241**
(.263)
1.241**
(.313)
Experimental
treatment
.075
(.295)
.075
(.288)
-.506*
(.223)
-.506*
(.217)
-.726*
(.282)
-.726*
(.275)
.274
(.134)
.237
(.137)
Education
.030
(.082)
.030
(.092)
.017
(.061)
.017
(.068)
.004
(.078)
.004
(.080)
.020
(.036)
.020
(.038)
Attention paid to
the news
.721**
(.181)
.721**
(.167)
-.300*
(.137)
-.300*
(.119)
.194
(.174)
.194
(.180)
.105
(.081)
.105
(.076)
Political
Knowledge
-.490*
(.175)
-.490*
(.171)
.208
(.133)
.208
(.116)
.285
(.169)
.285
(.155)
.100
(.081)
.100
(.075)
Neighborly Index
.189*
(.077)
.189*
(.080)
-.120*
(.058)
-.120*
(.060)
.191*
(.074)
.191*
(.073)
.177**
(.035)
.177**
(.037)
Adjusted R
2
.087
.041
.046
114
R
2
.105
.105
.059
.059
.064
.064
135
135
N
260
260
263
263
263
263
218
218
†p <0.10 *p< 0.05 **p< 0.001



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