All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

2008 Malaysian Elections: The End of Malaysia's Ethnic Nationalism?
Unformatted Document Text:  All of the government sponsored religious bodies mentioned have resulted in thebuilding up of a greater bureaucratic infrastructure to help direct religiousactivities in Malaysia and control the influence of "outside" (i.e.,non-government) dakwah within their sphere of influence (1979:38). The government's active support for dakwah enabled it to constrain any religious challenge by allowing it to label the religious opposition as "deviate dakwah," "confused," or "misleading" (Lyon 1979:38). Coercion. Mild forms included the government withholding permission for ABIM to hold ceramah (talks) to the Registrar of Societies prohibiting it from having ties with international organizations (Mohamad Abu Bakar 1981:1054). The government took more extreme measures with the reclusive Darul Arqam banning it in 1994 and labeling it a deviationist cult. Ashaari Muhammad, the group's founder, was extradited from Thailand and detained under Malaysia's Internal Security Act, and later forced to make a public confession on national television. This draconian action contrasts sharply with the government's earlier accommodating approach to the Islamic revival. It is not clear why the government dealt with Darul Arqam so harshly, but it may have something to do with the fact that the group's self-supporting communes created an autonomous social sphere that challenged the government's welfare programs aimed at Malays 27 and bypassed the government's control over public discourse (see Camroux 1996:864-865). Malaysia's dakwah movements demonstrate the power of religion to influence the public sphere and to challenge the state. The significance of the dakwah phenomena lies not just in the challenge it presents to the state apparatus but also the underlying ideological basis of state power. The Malaysian state responded not just to protect the interests of the ruling elite but also 21 R. Arakaki - MPSA 2008 27 These programs formed the basis for the patronage essential to securing the Malays' loyalty to UMNO.

Authors: Arakaki, Robert.
first   previous   Page 21 of 34   next   last



background image
All of the government sponsored religious bodies mentioned have resulted in the
building up of a greater bureaucratic infrastructure to help direct religious
activities in Malaysia and control the influence of "outside" (i.e.,
non-government) dakwah within their sphere of influence (1979:38).
The government's active support for dakwah enabled it to constrain any religious challenge by
allowing it to label the religious opposition as "deviate dakwah," "confused," or "misleading"
(Lyon 1979:38).
Coercion. Mild forms included the government withholding permission for ABIM to
hold ceramah (talks) to the Registrar of Societies prohibiting it from having ties with
international organizations (Mohamad Abu Bakar 1981:1054). The government took more
extreme measures with the reclusive Darul Arqam banning it in 1994 and labeling it a
deviationist cult. Ashaari Muhammad, the group's founder, was extradited from Thailand and
detained under Malaysia's Internal Security Act, and later forced to make a public confession on
national television. This draconian action contrasts sharply with the government's earlier
accommodating approach to the Islamic revival. It is not clear why the government dealt with
Darul Arqam so harshly, but it may have something to do with the fact that the group's
self-supporting communes created an autonomous social sphere that challenged the government's
welfare programs aimed at Malays
27
and bypassed the government's control over public
discourse (see Camroux 1996:864-865).
Malaysia's dakwah movements demonstrate the power of religion to influence the public
sphere and to challenge the state. The significance of the dakwah phenomena lies not just in the
challenge it presents to the state apparatus but also the underlying ideological basis of state
power. The Malaysian state responded not just to protect the interests of the ruling elite but also
21
R. Arakaki - MPSA 2008
27
These programs formed the basis for the patronage essential to securing the Malays' loyalty to UMNO.


Convention
Convention is an application service for managing large or small academic conferences, annual meetings, and other types of events!
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 21 of 34   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.