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IBSA, International Relations Theories, and Changes in the Global Architecture
Unformatted Document Text:  Vikrum Sequeira 7 Midwest Conference Working Paper: IBSA In other respects, IBSA is clear. The Declaration clearly states that the Doha round of trade should be enacted and that “reversal of protectionist policies and trade- distorting practices [can be achieved] by improving the rules of the multilateral trade system.” In the section on Areas of Cooperation, the website is more specific. IBSA has undertaken a joint development project in Guinea Bissau. The project aims to increase production to reduce country’s rice deficit, while improving horticulture, short-cycle livestock production, and the development of small and medium scale agro-industry. 12 Regarding defense issues, the IBSA countries pledge to cooperate but do not spell out what cooperation means. Regarding education there is a concrete plan, which includes Open and Distance Education, Higher and Professional Education, and Universal Mass Education with a special emphasis on quality and gender equality – chosen by India, South Africa, and Brazil respectively. In October 2007, the IBSA members committed to increasing trade amongst themselves to US$ 15 billion by 2010. They also aimed to increase ties in business, academics, and women’s health issues. 13 Because of IBSA, corporations from the three countries are meeting and working on ways to increase business opportunities. These conglomerates include Brazil’s Embraer, India’s ICICI Bank and Tata Motors, and South Africa’s Anglo Platinum. Social Science Theories and IBSA 12 IBSA, “Rio de Janeiro Ministerial Communique,” http://www.ibsa-trilateral.org/rioministerial.htm. 13 Africa News, “South Africa; Brazil, Country Institutions to Share Scientific Research,” Africa News, February 28, 2008.

Authors: Sequeira, Vikrum.
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Vikrum Sequeira
7
Midwest Conference Working Paper: IBSA
In other respects, IBSA is clear. The Declaration clearly states that the Doha
round of trade should be enacted and that “reversal of protectionist policies and trade-
distorting practices [can be achieved] by improving the rules of the multilateral trade
system.” In the section on Areas of Cooperation, the website is more specific. IBSA has
undertaken a joint development project in Guinea Bissau. The project aims to increase
production to reduce country’s rice deficit, while improving horticulture, short-cycle
livestock production, and the development of small and medium scale agro-industry.
12
Regarding defense issues, the IBSA countries pledge to cooperate but do not spell
out what cooperation means. Regarding education there is a concrete plan, which
includes Open and Distance Education, Higher and Professional Education, and
Universal Mass Education with a special emphasis on quality and gender equality –
chosen by India, South Africa, and Brazil respectively.
In October 2007, the IBSA members committed to increasing trade amongst
themselves to US$ 15 billion by 2010. They also aimed to increase ties in business,
academics, and women’s health issues.
13
Because of IBSA, corporations from the three
countries are meeting and working on ways to increase business opportunities. These
conglomerates include Brazil’s Embraer, India’s ICICI Bank and Tata Motors, and South
Africa’s Anglo Platinum.
Social Science Theories and IBSA
12
IBSA, “Rio de Janeiro Ministerial Communique,” http://www.ibsa-trilateral.org/rioministerial.htm.
13
Africa News, “South Africa; Brazil, Country Institutions to Share Scientific Research,” Africa News,
February 28, 2008.


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