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Law and Policy in Brazil: Protecting the Rainforest and Enhancing Communities
Unformatted Document Text:  highly relevant, they are nothing but ideas if we don’t have institutional support to apply them. Brazilian government institutions are clearly not yet equipped to apply human rights and environmental laws. The Brazilian constitution is one example of this. Hence, the need for laws that are sensitive to the enforcement limitation of Brazil’s institutions is evident. Thus, the idea presented on this paper. Limiting the commercialization of environmental friendly products only, is not that difficult of a task if Brazil and the International Community are working in close collaboration, and most important, are willing to do so. At this moment in time, such laws are unlikely to exist. Not because the market will crash or because this is not smart economics, but because there is not the desire to do so. Whether in Brazil, the United States, or Europe, business and economic interests, most of the time, dominate politics and decide the fate of the nation. Institutions, NGOs, and Global Civil Society: Solving the Dilemma Introduction. Institutions, NGOs, and Civil Societies within and outside Brazil, play an important role in current rainforest politics. While none of these groups are completely independent from the other, they can exercise different functions toward the preservation of the rainforest and safeguarding the rights of the people. Institutions. Current Brazilian institutions play different roles in determining the fate of the people of the rainforest and their environment. State agencies such as the MMA (Ministério do Meio Ambiente, or the Ministry of the Environment), FUNAI, are charged with the protection of the environment and the Brazil’s first peoples, respectively. On the other hand, the MDICE (Ministério do Desenvolvimento, Indústria e Comércio Exterior, or the Ministry of the Development, Industry, and External Commerce) promotes economic development. To what extent these agencies are accomplishing their objective varies according to who answers this question. With the current boost of the Brazilian economy, one could argue that the MDICE is a successful agency, while the MMA, with recent findings of high deforestation rates, lies on the other side of the spectrum. It could be said that the FUNAI is not event on the scale because of the long time oppression and negligence from the part of the government toward the Brazil’s first peoples. Taking a closer look to the MDICE’s mission statement however, one can argue that the agency has not accomplished its objective. Its mission reads: “Construct a competitive Brazil, just and fair in opportunities, in cooperation with productive sectors, through actions that result in the improvement of the quality of life of the population. 169 ” Critically reading the mission statement it is “Just and 22

Authors: da Fonseca, Joao. and Vogel, Karen.
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highly relevant, they are nothing but ideas if we don’t have institutional support to
apply them.
Brazilian government institutions are clearly not yet equipped to apply
human rights and environmental laws. The Brazilian constitution is one example
of this. Hence, the need for laws that are sensitive to the enforcement limitation of
Brazil’s institutions is evident. Thus, the idea presented on this paper. Limiting
the commercialization of environmental friendly products only, is not that
difficult of a task if Brazil and the International Community are working in close
collaboration, and most important, are willing to do so.
At this moment in time, such laws are unlikely to exist. Not because the
market will crash or because this is not smart economics, but because there is not
the desire to do so. Whether in Brazil, the United States, or Europe, business and
economic interests, most of the time, dominate politics and decide the fate of the
nation.
Institutions, NGOs, and Global Civil Society: Solving the Dilemma
Introduction.
Institutions, NGOs, and Civil Societies within and outside Brazil, play an
important role in current rainforest politics. While none of these groups are
completely independent from the other, they can exercise different functions
toward the preservation of the rainforest and safeguarding the rights of the people.
Institutions.
Current Brazilian institutions play different roles in determining the fate of
the people of the rainforest and their environment. State agencies such as the
MMA (Ministério do Meio Ambiente, or the Ministry of the Environment),
FUNAI, are charged with the protection of the environment and the Brazil’s first
peoples, respectively. On the other hand, the MDICE (Ministério do
Desenvolvimento, Indústria e Comércio Exterior
, or the Ministry of the
Development, Industry, and External Commerce) promotes economic
development.
To what extent these agencies are accomplishing their objective varies
according to who answers this question. With the current boost of the Brazilian
economy, one could argue that the MDICE is a successful agency, while the
MMA, with recent findings of high deforestation rates, lies on the other side of
the spectrum. It could be said that the FUNAI is not event on the scale because of
the long time oppression and negligence from the part of the government toward
the Brazil’s first peoples.
Taking a closer look to the MDICE’s mission statement however, one can
argue that the agency has not accomplished its objective. Its mission reads:
“Construct a competitive Brazil, just and fair in opportunities, in cooperation with
productive sectors, through actions that result in the improvement of the quality of
life of the population.
Critically reading the mission statement it is “Just and
22


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