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Law and Policy in Brazil: Protecting the Rainforest and Enhancing Communities
Unformatted Document Text:  Appendix I The Amazonia rainforest is the equivalent of the Amazon Biomass (below). The Amazon Biomass is a “group of eco regions, fauna, flora, dynamics of ecological processes and similar ecology.” It is located in the South American nations of French Guiana, Guiana, Suriname, Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador, Venezuela and Brazil. Brazil hosts 63% of the total Amazon biomass. 17% rate of deforestation in relation to its original mass. Amazônia Legal was created by Law No. 1806 of December 6 of 1953. The law established the region comprised of seven full states and parts of other two states. By creating the region, the law seeks economic development but also takes the needs of the local community and the environment as limiting factors to economic development. The Amazônia Legal region represents 59% of the Brazilian (more than half of the continental United States) and it encompasses 63% of the rainforest total biomass. In 2004, it was 60% covered with forest (Original area was 74%). 27,5 billion dollars or 6.1% of Brazil’s GDP (2002). Land distribution: 24% Private, 33 % Indigenous reserves, 10 % Special Areas (Military, Protected Ecosystems), and 33% Disputed Lands or Lands with no ownership Accession is, according to the Black’s Law Dictionary, “the act of acceding or agreeing. 203 ” Brazil is the slightly smaller than the United States. It has a population of 190 million people. Portuguese is the official language. Brazil’s ethnic groups are Europeans, Asians, Africans, and Indigenous Peoples. The Government and Legal System is based on a Federative Republic formed by a union of states, municipalities and Federal Districts. Brazil is under a democratic government and all persons are equal before the law. The Constitution outlines principles of social order, and states have their own Constitutions based upon the Federal Constitution. The legislative power of the Republic is exercised by a Congress formed by a Chamber of Federal Deputies and a Federal Senate. All representatives are elected by direct vote. Judicial power is exercised by the Supreme Federal Court and the Superior Court of Justice, Federal Regional Courts, and Federal Judges, the Military, Electoral, and Labor Courts. States have their own judiciary for State matters. The Federal Supreme Court declares unconstitutionality of treaties or federal law; and considers valid law or local government contested under Constitution. The Superior Court of Justice adjudicates at ordinary appeal level cases in which parties are foreign state or international organization on one part, and Municipality or person resident or domiciled in Brazil or another. The Federal Regional Courts processes and adjudicates cases between foreign State or 28

Authors: da Fonseca, Joao. and Vogel, Karen.
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Appendix I
The Amazonia rainforest is the equivalent of the Amazon Biomass (below).

The Amazon Biomass is
a “group of eco regions, fauna, flora, dynamics of
ecological processes and similar ecology.” It is located in the South American
nations of French Guiana, Guiana, Suriname, Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador,
Venezuela and Brazil. Brazil hosts 63% of the total Amazon biomass. 17% rate of
deforestation in relation to its original mass.
Amazônia Legal was created by Law No. 1806 of December 6 of 1953. The law
established the region comprised of seven full states and parts of other two states.
By creating the region, the law seeks economic development but also takes the
needs of the local community and the environment as limiting factors to economic
development. The Amazônia Legal region represents 59% of the Brazilian (more
than half of the continental United States) and it encompasses 63% of the
rainforest total biomass.
In 2004, it was 60% covered with forest (Original area was 74%). 27,5 billion
dollars or 6.1% of Brazil’s GDP (2002). Land distribution: 24% Private, 33 %
Indigenous reserves, 10 % Special Areas (Military, Protected Ecosystems), and
33% Disputed Lands or Lands with no ownership
Accession is, according to the Black’s Law Dictionary, “the act of acceding or
agreeing.
Brazil is the slightly smaller than the United States. It has a population of 190
million people. Portuguese is the official language. Brazil’s ethnic groups are
Europeans, Asians, Africans, and Indigenous Peoples. The Government and Legal
System is based on a Federative Republic formed by a union of states,
municipalities and Federal Districts. Brazil is under a democratic government and
all persons are equal before the law. The Constitution outlines principles of social
order, and states have their own Constitutions based upon the Federal
Constitution. The legislative power of the Republic is exercised by a Congress
formed by a Chamber of Federal Deputies and a Federal Senate. All
representatives are elected by direct vote. Judicial power is exercised by the
Supreme Federal Court and the Superior Court of Justice, Federal Regional
Courts, and Federal Judges, the Military, Electoral, and Labor Courts. States have
their own judiciary for State matters. The Federal Supreme Court declares
unconstitutionality of treaties or federal law; and considers valid law or local
government contested under Constitution.
The Superior Court of Justice adjudicates at ordinary appeal level cases in
which parties are foreign state or international organization on one part, and
Municipality or person resident or domiciled in Brazil or another. The Federal
Regional Courts processes and adjudicates cases between foreign State or
28


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