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Law and Policy in Brazil: Protecting the Rainforest and Enhancing Communities
Unformatted Document Text:  beef exported by volume. 32 Thirty five percent of the beef exports being directed to the European Union. 33 Cattle Ranchers and Soy Bean Producers. The soy producers are another community that is highly relevant in the rainforest case scenario. Recently, soy has been an emerging crop in the Amazon region in terms of both profit and land use. Although extensive and in depth studies on the topic are few, some evidence of direct and indirect relationship between increase in the production of soy and deforestation exists. Some soy producers hold great political power in Brazil. Blario Maggi, current governor of the state of Mato Grosso, located in the Amazônia Legal region, is known as the King of Soy and his business enterprise, the Maggi Group, is the single-leading producer of soy in the world. 34 Maggi’s governorship and the political power and success of his business enterprise are clearly directly related. Unfortunately, while his business enterprise is a success, deforestation in the state of Mato Grosso is higher than any other state 35 and the Brazil's first peoples are undignified with the government’s lack of consideration toward their needs. 36 Summary. The Brazilian Amazon is important to many groups within and outside Brazilian society. Some of these groups are going to be mentioned in this paper, although not in great details. It should be clear right now, to the reader that the distribution of power in the Brazilian Amazon case is very unequal. In the following chapter we will present two literature review papers covering information on two different topics: sustainable development in a broad sense and law and policies vis-à-vis the rainforest. Literature Reviews on Sustainable Development, Policies, Laws, and the Rainforest Sustainable Development. The Amazon region has the “richest collection of biodiversity on earth. 37 ” The forest has the property of removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and is commonly referred to as the “cauldron of biodiversity, 38 ” because it “contains the largest biodiversity of organisms in the world. 39 ” It is also referred to as the lungs of the “lungs of the earth, 40 ” although there is contention in respect to the use of the latter term. 41 Among the food products that the forest naturally generates are tapioca, cocoa, pineapple, Brazil nuts, cashews, passion fruit, as well as more exotic fruits, such as the “cocona. 42 ” Jacqueline Klosek, author of “The Destruction of the Brazilian Amazon: An International Problem”, introduces the idea of mining natural resources from the forest such as copper, iron, and manganese to the discussion. 43 She also highlights: “for all we know, the forest holds the answer to cancer, AIDS, or perhaps some new diseases that has not even struck yet. 44 ” 8

Authors: da Fonseca, Joao. and Vogel, Karen.
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beef exported by volume.
Thirty five percent of the beef exports being directed
to the European Union.
Cattle Ranchers and Soy Bean Producers.
The soy producers are another community that is highly relevant in the
rainforest case scenario. Recently, soy has been an emerging crop in the Amazon
region in terms of both profit and land use. Although extensive and in depth
studies on the topic are few, some evidence of direct and indirect relationship
between increase in the production of soy and deforestation exists. Some soy
producers hold great political power in Brazil. Blario Maggi, current governor of
the state of Mato Grosso, located in the Amazônia Legal region, is known as the
King of Soy and his business enterprise, the Maggi Group, is the single-leading
producer of soy in the world.
Maggi’s governorship and the political power and
success of his business enterprise are clearly directly related. Unfortunately, while
his business enterprise is a success, deforestation in the state of Mato Grosso is
higher than any other state
and the Brazil's first peoples are undignified with the
government’s lack of consideration toward their needs.
Summary.
The Brazilian Amazon is important to many groups within and outside
Brazilian society. Some of these groups are going to be mentioned in this paper,
although not in great details.
It should be clear right now, to the reader that the distribution of power in
the Brazilian Amazon case is very unequal. In the following chapter we will
present two literature review papers covering information on two different topics:
sustainable development in a broad sense and law and policies vis-à-vis the
rainforest.
Literature Reviews on Sustainable Development, Policies, Laws, and the
Rainforest
Sustainable Development.
The Amazon region has the “richest collection of biodiversity on earth.
The forest has the property of removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and
is commonly referred to as the “cauldron of biodiversity,
because it “contains
the largest biodiversity of organisms in the world.
It is also referred to as the
lungs of the “lungs of the earth,
although there is contention in respect to the
use of the latter term.
Among the food products that the forest naturally
generates are tapioca, cocoa, pineapple, Brazil nuts, cashews, passion fruit, as
well as more exotic fruits, such as the “cocona.
Jacqueline Klosek, author of
“The Destruction of the Brazilian Amazon: An International Problem”, introduces
the idea of mining natural resources from the forest such as copper, iron, and
manganese to the discussion.
She also highlights: “for all we know, the forest
holds the answer to cancer, AIDS, or perhaps some new diseases that has not even
struck yet.
8


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