All Academic, Inc. Research Logo

Info/CitationFAQResearchAll Academic Inc.
Document

Failed presidencies and social protest in the context of Bolivian politics: Empirical evidence
Unformatted Document Text:  of the Camber of Deputies and fourth is the President of the Supreme Court. All of the above, with one exception, can finish the presidential term. In the case that the President of the Supreme Court is elevated to the presidential office, and if he has been in office less that three years, general elections have to be called to elect a new president. The new president will have to complete the remaining of the term. The causes of failure The literature on failed presidencies considers several factors as contributors towards the failure of presidents: neoliberal policies, minority governments, fixed terms or the inflexibility of the system and social protests. The following matrix provides an overview of the presence or non presence of all these factors during the different Bolivian presidencies. First, it shows that social protests have been present in every presidential term. At the same time, it shows the sporadic presence of the remaining variables. And second, it also highlights the relationship between high-intensity social protests with failed presidents. Hernan Siles Suazo (1982-1985) Victor Paz Estensoro (1985-1989) Jaime Paz Zamora (1989-199 3) Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada (I) (1993-1997) Hugo Banzer Suares (1997-200 1) Jorge Quiroga Ramirez (2001-2002) Gonzalo Sanchez de Lozada (II) (2002-2003) Carlos D. Mesa Gisbert (2003-2005) Neo liberal policies n y y y y y y n Minority governments y n n n n n n y Inflexible terms n y y y y y n n Social protest y y y y y y y y High intensity social protest y y y Result (DV) Failed presidency Failed presidency Failed presidency Neoliberal policies Neoliberal policies have been advanced as a factor contributing to the phenomenon of failed presidencies. Hochstetler (2006), in a study focusing on all challenged presidents of the Latin American region, finds that presidents who implemented neoliberal policies were more likely to be challenged. In this manner, neoliberal policies contributed to the removal of such presidents from office. I agree, in general terms, with Hochstetler’s proposition. Neoliberal policies seem to play a role in inducing political instability, especially when combined with 9

Authors: Buitrago, Miguel.
first   previous   Page 9 of 30   next   last



background image
of the Camber of Deputies and fourth is the President of the Supreme Court. All of the above,
with one exception, can finish the presidential term. In the case that the President of the
Supreme Court is elevated to the presidential office, and if he has been in office less that three
years, general elections have to be called to elect a new president. The new president will
have to complete the remaining of the term.
The causes of failure
The literature on failed presidencies considers several factors as contributors towards the
failure of presidents: neoliberal policies, minority governments, fixed terms or the inflexibility
of the system and social protests. The following matrix provides an overview of the presence
or non presence of all these factors during the different Bolivian presidencies. First, it shows
that social protests have been present in every presidential term. At the same time, it shows
the sporadic presence of the remaining variables. And second, it also highlights the
relationship between high-intensity social protests with failed presidents.
Hernan Siles
Suazo
(1982-1985)
Victor Paz
Estensoro
(1985-1989)
Jaime Paz
Zamora
(1989-199
3)
Gonzalo
Sanchez de
Lozada
(I)
(1993-1997)
Hugo
Banzer
Suares
(1997-200
1)
Jorge
Quiroga
Ramirez
(2001-2002)
Gonzalo
Sanchez de
Lozada
(II)
(2002-2003)
Carlos D.
Mesa Gisbert
(2003-2005)
Neo liberal
policies
n
y
y
y
y
y
y
n
Minority
governments
y
n
n
n
n
n
n
y
Inflexible terms
n
y
y
y
y
y
n
n
Social protest
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
y
High intensity
social protest
y
y
y
Result (DV)
Failed
presidency
Failed
presidency
Failed
presidency
Neoliberal policies
Neoliberal policies have been advanced as a factor contributing to the phenomenon of failed
presidencies. Hochstetler (2006), in a study focusing on all challenged presidents of the Latin
American region, finds that presidents who implemented neoliberal policies were more likely
to be challenged. In this manner, neoliberal policies contributed to the removal of such
presidents from office. I agree, in general terms, with Hochstetler’s proposition. Neoliberal
policies seem to play a role in inducing political instability, especially when combined with
9


Convention
Need a solution for abstract management? All Academic can help! Contact us today to find out how our system can help your annual meeting.
Submission - Custom fields, multiple submission types, tracks, audio visual, multiple upload formats, automatic conversion to pdf.
Review - Peer Review, Bulk reviewer assignment, bulk emails, ranking, z-score statistics, and multiple worksheets!
Reports - Many standard and custom reports generated while you wait. Print programs with participant indexes, event grids, and more!
Scheduling - Flexible and convenient grid scheduling within rooms and buildings. Conflict checking and advanced filtering.
Communication - Bulk email tools to help your administrators send reminders and responses. Use form letters, a message center, and much more!
Management - Search tools, duplicate people management, editing tools, submission transfers, many tools to manage a variety of conference management headaches!
Click here for more information.

first   previous   Page 9 of 30   next   last

©2012 All Academic, Inc.