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Economic Inequality, Interpersonal Trust, and Support for Redistributive Policies in Latin America
Unformatted Document Text:  12 For testing the second hypothesis, an individual-level ordered logit regression model is estimated. Ordered logit models are appropriate when the dependent variable “can be ranked from low to high, but the distances between adjacent categories are unknown” (Long 1997, 114), that is when the dependent variable is an ordinal variable. Since the two dependent variables of this paper, namely interpersonal trust and support for redistributive policies, are ordinal variables both the multilevel and individual level models associated with hypothesis one and two, respectively, are tested using ordered logit regressions. For testing the two hypotheses of this study, I make use of survey data collected by the Latin American Public Opinion Project (LAPOP) at Vanderbilt University. 3 For the multilevel analysis, this paper uses data from the AmericasBarometer 2006/2007 by LAPOP concerning the political attitudes and behaviors of citizens in eighteen Latin American and Caribbean countries as well as Canada and the United States, adding up to over 31,000 individual interviews. Additionally, for the multilevel analysis the LAPOP data is combined with aggregated data at the country level on economic inequality and development from the United Nations Development Program (HDR 2007) and the level of democracy from Freedom House (2007). For testing the second hypothesis, I make use of the 2008 AmericasBaromenter pooled dataset. In 2008, the LAPOP questionnaires for twenty Latin American countries included an item on support for income redistribution. However, at the point of the writing of this paper surveys for only eight countries were completed (for a total of 12,114 individual cases), the rest were still in the field. This explains the inclusion of the following eight countries in this study for testing the second hypothesis: Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Peru, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Panama, and Honduras. 4 3 For more information on the LAPOP’s surveys see www.lapopsurveys.org 4 The exact wording of the items from the LAPOP surveys used in this paper is shown in the appendix.

Authors: Cordova, Abby.
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12
For testing the second hypothesis, an individual-level ordered logit regression model is
estimated. Ordered logit models are appropriate when the dependent variable “can be ranked
from low to high, but the distances between adjacent categories are unknown” (Long 1997, 114),
that is when the dependent variable is an ordinal variable. Since the two dependent variables of
this paper, namely interpersonal trust and support for redistributive policies, are ordinal variables
both the multilevel and individual level models associated with hypothesis one and two,
respectively, are tested using ordered logit regressions.
For testing the two hypotheses of this study, I make use of survey data collected by the
Latin American Public Opinion Project (LAPOP) at Vanderbilt University.
3
For the multilevel
analysis, this paper uses data from the AmericasBarometer 2006/2007 by LAPOP concerning the
political attitudes and behaviors of citizens in eighteen Latin American and Caribbean countries
as well as Canada and the United States, adding up to over 31,000 individual interviews.
Additionally, for the multilevel analysis the LAPOP data is combined with aggregated data at the
country level on economic inequality and development from the United Nations Development
Program (HDR 2007) and the level of democracy from Freedom House (2007).
For testing the second hypothesis, I make use of the 2008 AmericasBaromenter pooled
dataset. In 2008, the LAPOP questionnaires for twenty Latin American countries included an
item on support for income redistribution. However, at the point of the writing of this paper
surveys for only eight countries were completed (for a total of 12,114 individual cases), the rest
were still in the field. This explains the inclusion of the following eight countries in this study for
testing the second hypothesis: Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Peru, Costa Rica, Nicaragua,
Panama, and Honduras.
4
3
For more information on the LAPOP’s surveys see
www.lapopsurveys.org
4
The exact wording of the items from the LAPOP surveys used in this paper is shown in the appendix.


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