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Economic Inequality, Interpersonal Trust, and Support for Redistributive Policies in Latin America
Unformatted Document Text:  15 42.1 43.0 47.0 49.4 53.9 53.9 58.6 58.9 58.9 59.1 60.2 60.4 62.2 62.6 62.7 67.0 67.2 79.6 82.8 Bolivia Ecuador Venezuela Jamaica Chile Guatemala Nicaragua El Salvador Uruguay Colombia Costa Rica Honduras Estados Unidos Peru Haiti Panama Mexico Dominican Rep. Canada 0 20 40 60 80 Average Level of Interpersonal Trust 95% C.I. Source: AmericasBarometer 2006-2007 by LAPOP Figure 2 As expected, the average level of interpersonal trust is much lower in Latin American and Caribbean countries than in Canada and the United States, confirming the trend found in previous studies. The two richest and more democratic countries in the sample show a much higher level of interpersonal trust. Out of the twenty countries examined, Canada has the highest level of interpersonal trust, with an average of 82.8 points, and Haiti has the lowest level, with an average of only 42.1 points. The United States has the second highest level of interpersonal trust, a level that is not statistically significantly different to that of Canada. The Level of Support for Income Redistribution in Latin America Citizens’ support for redistributive policies was measured using the following item included in the 2008 round of the AmericasBarometer surveys by LAPOP:

Authors: Cordova, Abby.
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15
42.1
43.0
47.0
49.4
53.9
53.9
58.6
58.9
58.9
59.1
60.2
60.4
62.2
62.6
62.7
67.0
67.2
79.6
82.8
Bolivia
Ecuador
Venezuela
Jamaica
Chile
Guatemala
Nicaragua
El Salvador
Uruguay
Colombia
Costa Rica
Honduras
Estados Unidos
Peru
Haiti
Panama
Mexico
Dominican Rep.
Canada
0
20
40
60
80
Average Level of Interpersonal Trust
95% C.I.
Source: AmericasBarometer 2006-2007 by LAPOP
Figure 2
As expected, the average level of interpersonal trust is much lower in Latin American and
Caribbean countries than in Canada and the United States, confirming the trend found in
previous studies. The two richest and more democratic countries in the sample show a much
higher level of interpersonal trust. Out of the twenty countries examined, Canada has the highest
level of interpersonal trust, with an average of 82.8 points, and Haiti has the lowest level, with an
average of only 42.1 points. The United States has the second highest level of interpersonal trust,
a level that is not statistically significantly different to that of Canada.

The Level of Support for Income Redistribution in Latin America
Citizens’ support for redistributive policies was measured using the following item
included in the 2008 round of the AmericasBarometer surveys by LAPOP:


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